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Munni Babu and anr. Vs. Koer Kamta Singh - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
CourtAllahabad
Decided On
Judge
Reported inAIR1923All321; 72Ind.Cas.86
AppellantMunni Babu and anr.
RespondentKoer Kamta Singh
Cases ReferredHanuman Kamat v. Hanuman Mandur
Excerpt:
.....applicable--limitation act (ix of 1908), schedule i, articles 62, 97--hindu law--earnest money paid to father, recovery of--personal decree against sons--pious obligation. - - the lower court rejected this plea and applied article 97 of the schedule to the limitation act, holding that the suit was one to recover money paid on an existing consideration which had afterwards failed. clearly, this was a correct decision. it was there held that an agreement for sale by a member of a joint family was not void but voidable and that the consideration only failed when the purchaser being opposed found himself unable to obtain possession. the failure of consideration did not take place when the money was paid so as to bring the case under article 62 page of 19 c. if so, the..........by a judgment of this court. the plaintiff now brings the present suit for recovery of the earnest-money paid. the father having died in the meantime the suit was brought against the sons.3. two pleas were raised in the court below in order to defeat the plaintiff's claim. it was argued in the first place that the suit was barred by the provisions of order ii, rule 2 of the code of civil procedure. the lower court overruled this plea and, in my opinion, rightly.4. the earned counsel for the applicant bases his claim upon the provisions of section 29 of the specific relief act. the lower court in its judgment refers also to the language of section 19 of the same act.5. section 19 enables a person who is claiming specific performance to ask in addition for compensation. section 29 bars a.....
Judgment:

Lindsay, J.

1. This is an application for revision of a judgment of the Small Cause Court at Agra.

2. The suit was brought by the plaintiff for the purpose of recovering a sum of Rs. 200 which he had paid as earnest-money in the following circumstances:

On the nth of October 1915 the plaintiff had entered into a contract with the father of the defendants for the sale of certain property. Afterwards, the plaintiff sued, the father of the defendants for specific performance of the contract. That suit was dismissed finally by a judgment of this Court. The plaintiff now brings the present suit for recovery of the earnest-money paid. The father having died in the meantime the suit was brought against the sons.

3. Two pleas were raised in the Court below in order to defeat the plaintiff's claim. It was argued in the first place that the suit was barred by the provisions of Order II, Rule 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure. The lower Court overruled this plea and, in my opinion, rightly.

4. The earned Counsel for the applicant bases his claim upon the provisions of Section 29 of the Specific Relief Act. The lower Court in its judgment refers also to the language of Section 19 of the same Act.

5. Section 19 enables a person who is claiming specific performance to ask in addition for compensation. Section 29 bars a subsequent suit for compensation after a suit for specific relief has been dismissed. Neither of these sections has anything to do with the present case where the claim is for recovery of the earnest-money. O. II, r. 2 has no application. The claim for the earnest-money is based upon a different cause of action from that of the claim for specific relief. I may refer in this connection to the case reported as Parangodan Nair v. Perumtoduka Illot Chata 27 M. 380.

6. The other plea raised was a plea of limitation. The defendants contended that Article 62 was the proper Article to apply on the ground that the money advanced by way of earnest-money should be deemed to be money had and received and that the suit under this Article was barred by limitation. The lower Court rejected this plea and applied Article 97 of the Schedule to the limitation Act, holding that the suit was one to recover money paid on an existing consideration which had afterwards failed. The lower Court took the starting point of limitation to be the date of the judgment dismissing the plaintiff's suit for specific performance. Clearly, this was a correct decision. The case is covered by authority reported as Udit Narain Misr v. Muhammad Minnatulla 25 A. 618 : A.W.N. (1903) 117. Another case which is in point is Amma Bibi y. Udit Narain Misr a 1 Ind. Cas. 890 : 31 A. 68 : 9 C.L.J. 512 : 11 Bom. L.R. 525 : 19 M.L.J. 295 : 6 M.L.T. 89 : 36 I.A. 44 (P.C), a decision of their Lordships of the Privy Council in which the judgment in Udit Narain Misr v. Muhammad Minnatulla 25 A. 618 : A.W.N. (1903) 117 was upheld.

7. The applicant has relied on Hanuman Kamat v. Hanuman Mandur 19 C. 123 : 18 I.A. 158 : 6 Sar. P.C.J. 91 : 9 Ind. Dec. (N.S.) 527 (P.C.). That was a case where one member of a joint family governed by Mithila law had executed a sale. It was there held that an agreement for sale by a member of a joint family was not void but voidable and that the consideration only failed when the purchaser being opposed found himself unable to obtain possession. The failure of consideration did not take place when the money was paid so as to bring the case under Article 62 Page of 19 C.--[Ed] of the Schedule to the limitation Act. On page 126 of the report their Lordships say: 'If there never was any consideration, then the price paid by the appellant was money had and received to appellant's use. But their Lordships think that the sale was not necessarily void, but was voidable only if objection were taken to it by the other members of the joint family. If so, the consideration did not fail at once, but only from the time when the appellant endeavoured to obtain possession of the property, and being opposed, found himself unable to obtain possession. There was then, at all events, a failure of consideration.'

8. And, therefore, Article 97 applied.

9. This is exactly the case here and I hold that the decision of the Court below is correct. It has been represented to me that the lower Court has given a personal decree against the defendants and it is said that, in the circumstances, the father having died no personal decree ought to be made against the sons. On the other hand, there is the consideration that the father having died, the sons are under a pious obligation to discharge his debt. I do not think there is any ground for interference with the decision of the Court below. The application is dismissed with costs.


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