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Seth Mul Chand Vs. Rajdhar - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
CourtAllahabad
Decided On
Judge
Reported in88Ind.Cas.544
AppellantSeth Mul Chand
RespondentRajdhar
Excerpt:
provincial insolvency act (v of 1920), sections 28, 78 - insolvency--secured creditor--leave to sue and execute--leave not availed of--annulment of adjudication--execution of decree--limitation--period between adjudication and annulment, whether can be deducted. - .....by the condition that the proceeds were to be deposited with the receiver. in pursuance of this permission, mulchand obtained a decree, on the 18th of february 1914. on the 10th of september 1914, he was entered in the schedule of creditors under section 33; but he did not proceed to attempt to execute his decree, and it is indeed difficult to see how he could have proceeded, when the property of the insolvent was wholly vested in the receiver. to execute the decree against the receiver, obtain payment of his debt, and then to re-deposit it with the receiver in pursuance of the conditions laid down in the order would have been a futile proceeding. during the subsequent years, certain dividends were paid by the receiver in which mulchand shared. the last dividend was paid on the 29th.....
Judgment:

1. The appellant before us is the decree-holder Mulchand. He is represented by Dr. Katju. The respondent Rajdhar is unrepresented. In this case the respondent on the 28th of June 1913, was declared an insolvent on his own petition. By the adjudication order Mulchand, the present appellant, was given permission to sue and to execute, but this was limited by the condition that the proceeds were to be deposited with the Receiver. In pursuance of this permission, Mulchand obtained a decree, on the 18th of February 1914. On the 10th of September 1914, he was entered in the schedule of creditors under Section 33; but he did not proceed to attempt to execute his decree, and it is indeed difficult to see how he could have proceeded, when the property of the insolvent was wholly vested in the Receiver. To execute the decree against the Receiver, obtain payment of his debt, and then to re-deposit it with the Receiver in pursuance of the conditions laid down in the order would have been a futile proceeding. During the subsequent years, certain dividends were paid by the Receiver in which Mulchand shared. The last dividend was paid on the 29th of July 1921. On the 30th of November 1921, an annulment order was passed apparently under Section 43(1), as a result of which, nobody having been specially appointed under Section 37, the remaining property re-vested in the debtor Rajdhar. On the 7th of July 1923, Mulchand applied to execute his decree for the balance. His application has been dismissed by both Courts; both of which held that Mulchand having been granted permission to sue and execute under Section 28, Clause (2) was debarred from invoking Section 78 to extend limitation, that section being expressly inapplicable to a case where a party is permitted under Section 28, Clause (2) to take proceedings. With this finding we are unable to agree. The permission to execute was one that was not only not acted upon but on which it was (in the circumstances) impossible to act, and was, therefore, ineffectual to exclude the unfettered operation of Section 78. We hold, therefore, that the period between the adjudication and annulment should have been deducted from the period allowed for limitation.

2. We, therefore, set aside the orders of both the lower Courts and remit the case to the First Court for disposal according to law. The appellant here will have his costs in the lower Appellate Court and in this Court including in this Court Counsel's-fees on the higher scale. The costs in the First Court will abide the result.


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