G.K. Misra, C.J.
1. The material facts may be stated in short. One Sarada Cha-ran Pradhan was serving as an assistant in the planning and Coordination Department (planning branch) in the Orissa Secretariat. He died on 13-3-1968 leaving behind his mother (plaintiff 1), a son (plaintiff 2), his widow (defendant 1) and two other minor sons who ere not parties to the suit After death of Sarada, the petitioners filed T. S. No. 139/70 in the Court of the Subordinate Judge, Cuttack, for declaration of title to a sum of Rs. Five thousand secured by the insurance policy on the life of the deceased. The petitioners filed an application for issue of an ad interim injunction against the defendant to restrain her from withdrawing the amount payable under policy no. 10755464 on the life of the deceased.
The learned Subordinate Judge dismissed this application and his order was confirmed by the learned Additional District Judge by his order dated 30th June, 1971, whereby he directed that the suit should be heard within a month. It is against this confirming order of the Additional District Judge that this Civil Revision has been filed.
2. Mr. Mohapatna, for the petitioners, places reliance on Section 39(6) of the Insurance Act. 1938 (hereinafter to be referred to as 'the Act'), in support of his contention that a nominee does not acquire an interest in the policy. In other words, a nomination merely confers a right on the nominee to receive the amount under the policy after death of the insured. He is merely a trustee on behalf of all the heirs including himself. In my opinion the contention is unassailable and is fully supported by a Full Bench decision of the Allahabad High Court, reported in AIR 1972 All 167. (Raja Ram v. Mata Prasad), wherein, the previous law was reviewed.
Section 39(6) of the Act runs thus:
'(6) Where the nominee or, if thereare more nominees than one a nomineeor nominees survive the person whoselife is insured, the amount secured bythe policy shall be payable to such sura vivor or survivors.'
The emphasis is on the expression 'payable'. Under a nomination the amount is payable to the nominee. The section does not say that the nominee acquires title to the amount to the exclusion of all other heirs.
3. Under Section 8 of the Hindu Succession Act, 1956, the mother, widow end sons of the deceased are simultaneous heirs in class I. The plaintiffs, the defendant and the two minor sons who are not parties to the suit are, therefore, entitled to the amount payable under the policy. The plaintiffs shall foe entitled to 2/5ths share thereof.
4. The other question for consideration is whether the prayer for interim injunction should be allowed. In my view the Courts below were right in refusing the prayer for injunction, which was against the nominee of the insured, and was to stultify the provisions of Section 39 of the Act, inasmuch as under the nomination the amount was payable to the nominee. No injunction should ordinarily be granted by a Court where it defeats any statutory provision. The prayer for injunction was, therefore, mis-conceived and was rightly disallowed.
5. The next question for consideration is how to safeguard the interest of the plaintiffs in their 2/5ths share in the amount payable under the policy, The best course would have been for the plaintiffs to make a prayer before the trial Court to call upon the defendant to give an undertaking to pay 2/5ths of the amount payable if the suit is decreed. It is not necessary to further the litigation on this account. I, therefore, direct the trial Court to call upon the defendant to furnish security to its satisfaction to the tune of 2/5ths of the amount pays able under the policy.
6. The learned trial Court is directed to dispose of the suit within three months from today with intimation to this Court.
7. In the result the Civil Revision is dismissed, subject to the direction that the defendant would be called upon to furnish security to the satisfaction of the trial Count as indicated above, after which she would be allowed to receive the amount. There would be no order as to costs.