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P. Nirmal Rao Vs. Commnr. of Income-tax - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectDirect Taxation
CourtOrissa High Court
Decided On
Case NumberS.J.C. No. 77 of 1978
Judge
Reported in1984(I)OLR540
ActsIncome Tax Act, 1961 - Sections 37
AppellantP. Nirmal Rao
RespondentCommnr. of Income-tax
Cases Referred(Guj) (Shankarlal H. Dave v. Commissioner of Income
Excerpt:
.....state financial corporation as against its loanee (who had taken the vehicle on hire- purchase agreement) brings the loanee and the sureties within the default clause under the state financial corporation act, 1951 or the heirs and successors of such persons. procedure is provided in the act, 1951 and the rules thereof about the manner in which such loan is to be recovered, and in that context only the vehicle under the hire-purchase agreement is placed as the first charge. if such property is not available for any reason, then the loan is not automatically waived or the loanee and his sureties are not automatically redeemed of the liabilities to repay. the financial corporation is concerned with repayment of loan either from the property or persons offered as surety. thus, a..........with reference to the work done by the karta to the family or work done by the karta for the joint family business relating to the partnership firm.2. this case relates to the assessment year 1975-76. the assessee is a h. u. f. consisting of katta, his wife and minor children. the assessee is a partner in the firm m/s. p. laxminarayan and sons, berhampur. by virtue of an agreement dated 8. 4. 74 it was agreed that rs. 750/- would be paid to the karta as the salary from the firm for looking after the day-to-day management of the affairs of the firm's business. this claim was disallowed by the income-tax officer. in appeal before the appellate assistant commissioner, the order of. the income-tax officer was confirmed. second appeal was carried to the tribunal and the tribunal also.....
Judgment:
ORDER

* * *

13. In an application filed by the asessee under Section 256(2) of the Income-tax Act (hereinafter called the 'Act') this Court directed the Tribunal to state a case and refer the question of law arising out of its order for opinion of this Court and the Tribunal has referred the following question for opinion of this Court:

'Keeping in view the terms of the agreement relied upon for authorising payment to the Karta, whether the payment is admissible under Section 37 of the Income-tax Act of 1961?'

This Court further directed that the Tribunal would go into the question of the agreement and indicate as to what, in its opinion, is the real purport and as to whether such a claim was with reference to the work done by the Karta to the family or work done by the Karta for the joint family business relating to the Partnership firm.

2. This case relates to the assessment year 1975-76. The assessee is a H. U. F. consisting of Katta, his wife and minor children. The assessee is a partner in the firm M/s. P. Laxminarayan and Sons, Berhampur. By virtue of an agreement dated 8. 4. 74 it was agreed that Rs. 750/- would be paid to the Karta as the salary from the firm for looking after the day-to-day management of the affairs of the firm's business. This claim was disallowed by the Income-tax Officer. In appeal before the Appellate Assistant Commissioner, the order of. the Income-tax Officer was confirmed. Second Appeal was carried to the Tribunal and the Tribunal also dismissed the same. Thereafter an application under Section 255(1) of the Act having been dismissed, this application under Section 256(2) of the Act was filed before this Court to state a case and refer the question of law arising in this case for the opinion of this Court. The Tribunal after considering the agreement and the facts and circumstances of the case in its order of reference has observed.

'Thus the remuneration to the Karta was provided with reference to work done by him not to the family as such but for the family business relating to the partnership firms. The purport of the agreement is an attempt at legal avoidance by the way of diversion of part of income assessable in the hands of the H.U.F. representing the share income from the aforesaid two firms.'

In a decision of the Supreme Court reported in : [1967]63ITR238(SC) (Jugal Kishore Baldeo Sahai v. Commissioner of Income-tax, U.P.) it has been held:

'In our view, if a remuneration is paid to the Karta of the family under a valid agreement which is bona fide and in the interest of, and expedient for, the business of the family and the payment is genuine and not excessive, such remuneration must be held to be an expenditure laid out wholly and exclusively for the purpose of the business of the family and must be allowed as an expenditure under Section 10 (2) (xv) of the Act (Old).'

In the present case there is nothing before us to come to a finding that the agreement is invalid.

3. In another decision of the Gujarat High Court reported in : [1980]124ITR733(Guj) (Shankarlal H. Dave v. Commissioner of Income-tax, Gujarat-III) it has been held:

'Therefore, these decisions amply bear out the settled legal position that the general law or Hindu law does not prohibit the HUF from carrying on business activity by managing and looking after its business interest in the various businesses run through its representative entering into a contract of partnership with others. In such cases, the beneficial interest of the partner actually entering into partnership would be assessed in the hands of the H. U. F. and the character of the income would not change so far as the computation of that income under the scheme of the various heads under the I. T. Act has to be considered. If the principle could not be disputed that a person need not carry on business himself personally, but he can carry on business through agents and managers or representatives, it could never be urged that H. U. F. carrying on business in representative capacity forming such partnership was not carrying on business activity. That is why, Their Lordships never went into this question and sub silent the decision in Jugal Kishore's case, : [1967]63ITR238(SC) was reached, allowing the claim for deduction of a remuneration to the Karta for services rendered to the H. U.F. itself and not to the partnership firms by way of looking after the business interest of the H. U. F in these firms. The net of the Income-tax law is to rope in real business profits. Therefore, Their Lordships were at great pains to point out that this was not in any manner a device so long as remuneration claimed was a bona fide claim and was not an excessive one as it was genuine business expenditure justified by commercial expediency, when the H. U. F. paid its member for looking after and managing its interest even in the partnership business'.

Applying these principles and considering the facts and circumstances of the case, we are of the view that the assessee's claim that deduction of salary paid to the Karta is admissible. Therefore, the question is answered in the affirmative and in favour of the assessee.

4. However, we make it clear that the Tribunal is free to assess the actual amount that is admissible as deduction in the facts and circumstances of the case. No. costs.


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