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Manjit Singh Vs. State Bank of India - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCommercial
CourtPunjab and Haryana High Court
Decided On
Case NumberCivil Revn. No. 2515 of 1979
Judge
Reported inAIR1980P& H317
ActsCode of Civil Procedure (CPC), 1908 - Sections 35-B and 115 - Order 11, Rule 21
AppellantManjit Singh
RespondentState Bank of India
Cases ReferredBabbar Sewing Machine Co. v. Trilok Nath Mahajan
Excerpt:
.....finality and may adversely affect a valuable right of a party or decide an important aspect of a trial in an ancillary proceeding. amended section 100-a of the code clearly stipulates that where any appeal from an original or appellate decree or order is heard and decided by a single judge of a high court, no further appeal shall lie. even otherwise, the word judgment as defined under section 2(9) means a statement given by a judge on the grounds of a decree or order. thus the contention that against an order passed by a single judge in an appeal filed under section 104 c.p.c., a further appeal lies to a division bench cannot be accepted. the newly incorporated section 100a in clear and specific terms prohibits further appeal against the decree and judgment or order of a single judge..........on payment of costs. on the date when the replication was filed, the costs were not paid. the learned trial judge however accepted the replication and ordered that the costs be paid on the next date of hearing. this order passed by the learned subordinate judge has been challenged by the petitioner on the ground that since the adjournment granted for filing the replication was conditional on payment of costs and the costs. had not been paid on the date when the replication was filed, the suit filed by the respondent should have been dismissed. in support of this contention, the learned counsel for the petitioner relies upon the language employed in s. 35b of the civil p. c. the relevant portion of which reads as under:-- '35b: costs for causing delay (1) if, on any date fixed for.....
Judgment:

M.R. Sharma, J.

1. The respondent filed a suit for recovery of some money against the petitioner. It appears that the respondent was allowed time to file replication on payment of costs. On the date when the replication was filed, the costs were not paid. The learned trial Judge however accepted the replication and ordered that the costs be paid on the next date of hearing. This order passed by the learned Subordinate Judge has been challenged by the petitioner on the ground that since the adjournment granted for filing the replication was conditional on payment of costs and the costs. had not been paid on the date when the replication was filed, the suit Filed by the respondent should have been dismissed. In support of this contention, the learned counsel for the petitioner relies upon the language employed in S. 35B of the Civil P. C. the relevant portion of which reads as under:--

'35B: Costs for causing delay (1) If, on any date fixed for the hearing of a suit or for taking any step therein, a party to the suit-

(a) fails to take the step which he was required by or under this 0 to take on that date, or

(b) obtains an adjournment for taking such step or for producing evidence or on any other and the Court ma for reasons to be recorded, make an other requiring such party to pay to the other party such costs as would in the opinion of the Court, be reasonably sufficient to reimburse the other party in respect of the expenses incurred by him in attending the Court on that date and payment of such costs on the date next following the date of such order, shall be a condition precedent to the further prosecution of-

(a) the suit by the plaintiff where the plaintiff was ordered to pay such costs.

(b) the defence by the defendant where the defendant was ordered to pay such costs.'

2. It is no doubt true that the language employed is peremptory in nature the use of the word 'shall' does necessarily indicate that a Court which seized of the ease has no discretion in matter. It has to take into consideration the degree of the default, the nature the stage of the proceedings for pas the appropriate o per. By way of analogy we might refer to O. 11, R. 21, Civil P. C. wherein also the word 'shall' has been used. The material portion of it reads as under:--

'Where any party fails to comply with any order to answer interrogatories, or for discovery or inspection of documents, he shall, if a plaintiff, be liable to have his suit dismissed for want of prosecution, and, if a defendant, to have his defence, if any, struck out.

3. The provision came up for interpretation before the Supreme Court in M/s Babbar Sewing Machine Co. v. Trilok Nath Mahajan, AIR 1978 SC 1436. It was held:

'The principle governing the courts exercise of its discretion under O. XI, R. 21, as already stated is that it is only when the default is wilful and as a last resort that the court should dismiss the suit or strike out the defence, when the party is guilty of such contumacious conduct or there is a wilful attempt to disregard the order of the court that the trial of the suit is arrested..............'

4. Furthermore, as noticed earlier, the learned trial Judge allowed the payment of costs on the next date of hearing which implies that the rights of the petitioner were duly safeguarded No injustice much less manifest injustice bas been caused to the petitioner because of the impugned order. The parties are virtually at par and the case shall be heard and decided on merits. In a situation like this. this Court seldom interferes under S. 115 Civil P. C. for, the law is well settled that even if the order passed by the learned Court below, is technically incorrect, the High Court does not interfere on the revisional side if the order does not result in miscarriage of justice.

5. For reasons aforementioned, we find no merit in this petition and dismiss the same with no order as to costs. The parties to appear before the learned trial Court on July 28, 1980.

Dhillon, J.

6. I agree.

7. Petition dismissed.


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