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Milkhan Singh Khanchand and anr. Vs. Gram Panchayat - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtPunjab and Haryana High Court
Decided On
Judge
Reported in1965CriLJ667
AppellantMilkhan Singh Khanchand and anr.
RespondentGram Panchayat
Cases ReferredNaurang Lal v. Gram Panchayat of Village Gujarwas
Excerpt:
.....or its authorities by contending that his bid has been turned down for arbitrary, illegal or perverse reasons however in such matters, heavy onus would like on petitioner bidder to establish his allegations as state action shall always be presumed to be in accordance with law - the bench held that in spite of section 23 of the punjab gram panchayat act the gram panchayat bad no power to impose a prospective recurring penalty at the stage of first conviction for the breach and that in such a case course to be adopted by the panchayat was to summon the offender from time to time if he had not removed the encroachment and continue imposing on him the recurring fine as it became due to the limit prescribed in the section......took proceedings against milkhan singh and mula, petitioners, under section 23 of the punjab gram panchayat act on the allegations that the petitioners had made encroachments on the public streets and after hearing the parties the gram panchayat on 23rd february 1963, imposed a fine of rs. 25/- on each of the petitioners and further ordered that a recurring fine of re. 1/- per day should also be recovered from each of the petitioners till the removal of the alleged encroachment. the petitioners went up in revision under section 51 of the act which was dismissed by shri r.n. puri magistrate 1st class, karnal on 31st may 1983. the petitioners then filed a revision petition against the said order in the court of additional deputy commissioner, karnal who also, after hearing the.....
Judgment:
ORDER

J.S. Bedi, J.

1. The facts giving rise to this petition are that the Gram Panchayat of Village Barana, Tahsil and District Karnal, took proceedings against Milkhan Singh and Mula, petitioners, under Section 23 of the Punjab Gram Panchayat Act on the allegations that the petitioners had made encroachments on the public streets and after hearing the parties the Gram Panchayat on 23rd February 1963, imposed a fine of Rs. 25/- on each of the petitioners and further ordered that a recurring fine of Re. 1/- per day should also be recovered from each of the petitioners till the removal of the alleged encroachment. The petitioners went up in revision under Section 51 of the Act which was dismissed by Shri R.N. Puri Magistrate 1st Class, Karnal on 31st May 1983. The petitioners then filed a revision petition against the said order in the Court of Additional Deputy Commissioner, Karnal who also, after hearing the petitioners upheld the order of the Magistrate.

The petitioner have approached this Court under Article 227 of the Constitution for quashing the said order on various grounds. The two grounds which were urged before me were (1) that a daily fine of Re. 1/- could not be imposed for a breach which was yet to take place in future because to pass such a sentence in anticipation for a future breach would be tantamount to treating the case of a guilty and an innocent person alike, and (2) that the order of the Gram Panchayat was illegal as it imposed daily fine of Re. 1 from 19-2-1963 that is, from a date which was earlier than the date on which the order was pronounced. The order could not have retrospective effect as the Gram Panchayat had not been invested with any such powers under the Act or the rules made thereunder. On the first point the learned Counsel for the petitioners invited my attention to Suram Singh v. Gram Panchayat of Samtana, Kalan 65 Pun. L.R. 417 where it was held that fine could not be imposed for a breach which had yet to take place in future. To pass a sentence in anticipation for future breach would be tantamount to treating the case of guilty and an innocent person alike. It was further held that the Gram Panchayat could not under Section 23 of the Act at the time of passing an order imposing fine for encroachment direct that if the encroachment was continued the accused would be liable to pay additional fine per day and passing of such an order was not warranted by law. Similar view is also taken in Naurang Lal v. Gram Panchayat of Village Gujarwas 66 Pun. L. R. 28, a decision of a Division Bench consisting of the Chief Justice and Mr. Justice Grover. The Bench held that in spite of Section 23 of the Punjab Gram Panchayat Act the Gram Panchayat bad no power to impose a prospective recurring penalty at the stage of first conviction for the breach and that in such a case course to be adopted by the Panchayat was to summon the offender from time to time if he had not removed the encroachment and continue imposing on him the recurring fine as it became due to the limit prescribed in the section. No authority to the contrary has been cited by the opposite counsel. The impugned order is therefore set aside as far as the recurring fine of Re. 1/- is concerned.

2. The second contention of the petitioners' counsel also seems to be correct and is borne put from the mere reading of Section 23 of the Act which runs as under:

23. Penalty for disobedience of a special or general Older of the Panchayat : -Any person who disobeys an order of the Gram Panchayat made under the two last preceding sections shall be liable to a penalty which may extend to twenty five rupees; and if the breach is a continuing breach, with a 'further penalty which may extend to one rupee for every day after the first during which the breach continues;

Provided that the recurring penalty shall not exceed the sum of rupees five hundred.

The order of the Gram Panchayat was passed on 23rd February 1063, and therefore) it cannot have retrospective effect from 19th February 1963. The impugned order is set aside to that extent also.

3. Nothing further was urged by the petitioners' counsel. The petition is accepted to the extent indicated above.


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