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Harsharan Verma Vs. Charan Singh and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectConstitution
CourtSupreme Court of India
Decided On
Case NumberCivil Appeal No. 3491 of 1979
Judge
Reported in1984(2)SCALE788; (1985)1SCC162; [1985]2SCR70; 1985(17)LC44(SC)
AppellantHarsharan Verma
RespondentCharan Singh and ors.
Prior historyAppeal From the Judgment and Order dated December 10, 1979 of the Allahabad High Court in W.P. No. 2402 of 1979
Excerpt:
.....did not get effective possession of suit plot - by amendment plaintiffs were in effect and substance seeking to alter basic structure of suit held, fact that the plaintiffs have independent cause of action against corporation cannot by itself be a ground for filing amendment application. rejection of amendment application was, therefore, proper. - stated briefly, the contention of the appellant is that shri charan singh failed to seek the mandate of the lok sabha within three weeks after assuming the office of the prime- minister as directed by the president of india, that instead of 'facing the house' he submitted the resignation of his government on august 20, 1979 and that his continuation in office therefore as a caretaker prime minister without taking a fresh oath of office was..........had filed a writ petition in the high court of allahabad challenging the continuance in office of shri charan singh as the prime minister and shri s.n. kacker as minister of law, justice and company affairs. stated briefly, the contention of the appellant is that shri charan singh failed to seek the mandate of the lok sabha within three weeks after assuming the office of the prime- minister as directed by the president of india, that instead of 'facing the house' he submitted the resignation of his government on august 20, 1979 and that his continuation in office therefore as a caretaker prime minister without taking a fresh oath of office was unconstitutional. the writ petition was dismissed by the high court by a judgment dated december 10, 1979 but it has granted a certificate of.....
Judgment:
ORDER

1. The appellant had filed a writ petition in the High Court of Allahabad challenging the continuance in office of Shri Charan Singh as the Prime Minister and Shri S.N. Kacker as Minister of Law, Justice and Company Affairs. Stated briefly, the contention of the appellant is that Shri Charan Singh failed to seek the mandate of the Lok Sabha within three weeks after assuming the office of the Prime- Minister as directed by the President of India, that instead of 'facing the House' he submitted the resignation of his Government on August 20, 1979 and that his continuation in office therefore as a caretaker Prime Minister without taking a fresh oath of office was unconstitutional. The writ petition was dismissed by the High Court by a judgment dated December 10, 1979 but it has granted a Certificate of fitness to the appellant to file this appeal.

2. It is a well-known fact of history that the Government of Shri Charan Singh was in office for a very brief spell. It fell soon after it assumed office, indeed, too soon the issues raised by the appellant are no longer live and it is not the practice of this Court to decide questions of more academic importance. We must, however, hasten to add that the High Court is right in its view that Shri Charan Singh's appointment as the Prime Minister could not be said to be conditional upon his seeking a mandate of the Lok Sabha. Our Constitution knows no such hybrid thing as a 'Prime Minister subjected to a condition of defeasance'. Conditions imposed by the President may create considerations of political morality or conventional propriety but not of constitutional validity. The High Court is also right that it was not necessary for Shri Charan Singh and his ministers to take a fresh oath after being called upon by the President to continue in office as a caretaker Government. Thus the continuation in office of Shri Charan Singh and his ministers was not unconstitutional.

3. For these reasons, the appeal is dismissed.


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