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Achhey Lal Vs. State of U.P. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtSupreme Court of India
Decided On
Case NumberCriminal Appeal No. 223 of 1976
Judge
Reported inAIR1978SC1233; (1978)3SCC526
ActsIndian Penal Code (IPC) - Sections 147, 149, 302 and 325
AppellantAchhey Lal
RespondentState of U.P.
Excerpt:
- - must fail because there could not be an unlawful assembly where the number of persons participating in the offence is less than five. in our opinion the contention raised by the learned counsel is well founded and must prevail......our opinion, this appeal must succeed on a short point. according to the prosecution as many as 15 named persons had taken part in the assault on the deceased. of these 15 persons, 14 have been acquitted by the high court, but the appeal of achhey lal was dismissed and conviction and sentences awarded by the sessions judge were upheld. mr. goel, appearing for the appellant, submitted that in view of the acquittal by the high court of 14 named persons, the charge under section 149 i.p.c. must fail because there could not be an unlawful assembly where the number of persons participating in the offence is less than five. in our opinion the contention raised by the learned counsel is well founded and must prevail. there is no finding by the high court that after the acquittal of the accused.....
Judgment:

S. Murtaza Fazal Ali, J.

1. This appeal try Special Leave is directed against the judgment of the Allahabad High Court upholding the conviction of the appellant Achhey Lal under Sections 302/149, 325/149 and 147 of the Indian Penal Code. The detailed narration of the prosecution case is contained in the judgments of the Courts below and it is not necessary for us to repeat the same all over again particularly when, in our opinion, this appeal must succeed on a short point. According to the prosecution as many as 15 named persons had taken part in the assault on the deceased. Of these 15 persons, 14 have been acquitted by the High Court, but the appeal of Achhey Lal was dismissed and conviction and sentences awarded by the Sessions Judge were upheld. Mr. Goel, appearing for the appellant, submitted that in view of the acquittal by the High Court of 14 named persons, the charge under Section 149 I.P.C. must fail because there could not be an unlawful assembly where the number of persons participating in the offence is less than five. In our opinion the contention raised by the learned Counsel is well founded and must prevail. There is no finding by the High Court that after the acquittal of the accused the unlawful assembly consisted of five persons or more, known or unknown, identified or unidentified. In these circumstances, therefore, It is absolutely clear that on the facts of the present case the provisions of Sections 149 and 147 I.P.C. cannot be invoked.

2. For these reasons the appeal is allowed. The appellant is acquitted of all the charges and he is directed to be released forthwith, as no individual act has been assigned to him.


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