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Ram Sumer Puri Mahant Vs. State of U.P. and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtSupreme Court of India
Decided On
Case NumberCriminal Appeal No. 655 of 1984 Arising out of S.L.P.(Cri.) No. 12369 of 1982
Judge
Reported inAIR1985SC472; 1984(2)SCALE1014; (1985)1SCC427
ActsCode of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) , 1973 - Sections 145
AppellantRam Sumer Puri Mahant
RespondentState of U.P. and ors.
Excerpt:
- - there is no scope to doubt or dispute the position that the decree of the civil court is binding on the criminal court in a matter like the one before us. we are, therefore, satisfied that parallel proceedings should not continue and the order of the learned magistrate should be quashed......was a suit for possession and injunction being title suit no. 87/75 filed in the court of the civil judge at ballia wherein the question of title was gone into and by judgment dated february 28, 1981, the said suit was dismissed. the appellant was the defendant in that suit. according to the appellant close relations of respondents 2-5 were the plaintiffs and we gather from the counter affidavit filed in this court that on appeal has been carried from the decree of the civil judge and the same is still pending disposal before the appellate court. the assertion made in the petition for special leave to the effect that respondents 2 to 5 are close relations has not been seriously challenged in the counter affidavit. when a civil litigation is pending for the property wherein the.....
Judgment:
ORDER

1. Special Leave granted.

2. Challenge in this application is to the order of the Allahabad High Court refusing to interfere in its revisional jurisdiction against an order directing initiation of proceedings under Section 145, CrPC (Code for short), and attachment of the property at the instance of respondents 2-5. Indisputably, in respect of the very properly there was a suit for possession and injunction being Title Suit No. 87/75 filed in the Court of the Civil Judge at Ballia wherein the question of title was gone into and by judgment dated February 28, 1981, the said suit was dismissed. The appellant was the defendant in that suit. According to the appellant close relations of respondents 2-5 were the plaintiffs and we gather from the counter affidavit filed in this Court that on appeal has been carried from the decree of the Civil Judge and the same is still pending disposal before the appellate court. The assertion made in the Petition for Special Leave to the effect that respondents 2 to 5 are close relations has not been seriously challenged in the counter affidavit. When a civil litigation is pending for the property wherein the question of possession is involved and has been adjudicated, we see hardly any justification for initiating a parallel criminal proceeding under Section 145 of the Code. There is no scope to doubt or dispute the position that the decree of the Civil Court is binding on the criminal court in a matter like the one before us. Counsel for respondents 2-5 was not in a position to challenge the proposition that parallel proceeding should not be permitted to continue and in the event of a decree of the Civil Court, the criminal court should not be allowed to invoke its jurisdiction particularly when possession is being examined by the civil court and parties are in a position to approach the civil court for interim orders such as injunction or appointment of receiver for adequate protection of the property during dependency of the dispute. Multiplicity of litigation is not in the interest of the parties nor should public time be allowed to be wasted over meaningless litigation. We are, therefore, satisfied that parallel proceedings should not continue and the order of the learned Magistrate should be quashed. We accordingly allow the appeal and quash the order of the learned Magistrate by which the proceeding under Section 145 of the Code has been initiated and the property in dispute has been attached. We leave it open to either party to move the appellate judge in the civil litigation for appropriate interim orders, if so advised, in the event of dispute relating to possession.


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