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Harsh Sawhney Vs. Union Territory (Chandigarh Admn.) - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtSupreme Court of India
Decided On
Case NumberCriminal Appeal No. 110 of 1978
Judge
Reported inAIR1978SC1016; 1978CriLJ774; (1978)2SCC365; [1978]3SCR129; 1978(10)LC451(SC)
ActsConstitution of India - Article 20(3)
AppellantHarsh Sawhney
RespondentUnion Territory (Chandigarh Admn.)
Appellant Advocate V.M. Tarkunde,; R.S. Malhotra,; Navin Anand and;
Respondent Advocate M.M. Punchhi and ; P.C. Bhartari, Advs.
Cases ReferredGurcharan Singh and Ors. v. State
Prior historyFrom the Judgment and Order dated January 13, 1978 of the Delhi High Court in Misc. (Main) 767 of 1977--
Excerpt:
.....making search of premises and appellant to appear for interrogation by police whenever reasonably required subject to rights under article 20 (2) - appellant to enter into surety bond with two sureties - court further directed appellant not to leave india without prior permission. - [s.r. das, c.j.,; a.k. sarkar,; venkatarama aiyar,; jafer imam and; vivian bose, jj.] a departmental enquiry against the respondent, a head con- stable, was held by the district superintendent of police. during the enquiry the district superintendent of police himself became a witness and gave evidence at two stages against the respondent, his statement being recorded by a deputy superintendent of police. the district superintend- ent of police then found the respondent guilty and on april 20, 1948,..........of premises in her presence. this can be done without her being taken into custody. the other ground that is put forward is the appellant's presence is required by the police for interrogation in connection with investigation. we make it clear that the appellant shall appear for interrogation by the police whenever reasonably required, subject to her right under article 20(3) of the constitution.2. we allow the appeal and direct the appellant to be enlarged on bail on condition that she, with two sureties, will enter into a bond in a sum of rs. 5,000/- and she will subject herself to condition for appearing before the police for interrogation if called upon to do so subject to the condition under article 20(3). the bond of the appellant and of the sureties will be to the satisfaction of.....
Judgment:

1. We have heard counsel on both sides. We are satisfied that this is a case where on the facts now placed before us, bail should be grantee The principles bearing on grant or refusal of bail have already been explained by this Court in Gurcharan Singh and Ors. v. State (Delhi Admn.) [1782] S.C.R. 358. On the basis of that decision this is clearly a case where the appellant is entitled to bail. Two grounds have been mentioned on behalf of the State, namely, the appellant's presence is necessary for making a search and recovery of certain documents. We do not think that the appellant has to be taken into custody for making a search of premises in her presence. This can be done without her being taken into custody. The other ground that is put forward is the appellant's presence is required by the police for interrogation in connection with investigation. We make it clear that the appellant shall appear for interrogation by the police whenever reasonably required, subject to her right under Article 20(3) of the Constitution.

2. We allow the appeal and direct the appellant to be enlarged on bail on condition that she, with two sureties, will enter into a bond in a sum of Rs. 5,000/- and she will subject herself to condition for appearing before the Police for interrogation if called upon to do so subject to the condition under Article 20(3). The bond of the appellant and of the sureties will be to the satisfaction of the Chief Judicial Magistrate, Delhi. This bail order will govern the case registered as Crime F.I.R. No. 285 of 1977 in Police Station (West), district Chandigarh and any offence arising out of it.

3. We further direct that the appellant shall not leave India without prior permission of this Court.


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