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Kulwant Rai Vs. State of Punjab - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtSupreme Court of India
Decided On
Case NumberCriminal Appeal No. 630 of 1981
Judge
Reported inAIR1982SC126; (1981)4SCC245
ActsIndian Penal Code (IPC) - Sections 300, 302 and 304
AppellantKulwant Rai
RespondentState of Punjab
Excerpt:
- - it was something like hit and run......to the injury. the learned sessions judge convicted the appellant for an offence under section 302 penal code and sentenced him to suffer imprisonment for life.3. when the matter was before the high court it was strenuously urged that in the circumstances of the case part i of section 300 would not be attracted because it cannot be said that the accused had the intention to commit the murder of the deceased. in fact, that is conceded. more often, a suggestion is made that the case would be covered by part 3 of section 300 penal code in that not only the accused intended to inflict that particular injury but the injury intended to be inflicted was by objective medical test found to be sufficient in the ordinary course of nature to cause death. the question is in the circumstances in which.....
Judgment:

1. We have heard Mr. Ashwani Kumar, learned Counsel for the State and Mr. Mulla, learned Counsel for the appellant.

2. We have gone through the judgment of the learned Sessions Judge who has summed up the circumstances in which the offence came to be committed. The learned Judge found that the accused at the time of the offence was aged about 20 years. The offence was committed without any premeditation. The learned Judge also found that there was no prior enmity. He also recorded that a short, quarrel preceded the assault. All these would not have weighed with us, except the fact that only one blow was given with a dagger and the blow landed in the epigastria area. The deceased succumbed to the injury. The learned Sessions Judge convicted the appellant for an offence under Section 302 Penal Code and sentenced him to suffer imprisonment for life.

3. When the matter was before the High Court it was strenuously urged that in the circumstances of the case part I of Section 300 would not be attracted because it cannot be said that the accused had the intention to commit the murder of the deceased. In fact, that is conceded. More often, a suggestion is made that the case would be covered by part 3 of Section 300 Penal Code in that not only the accused intended to inflict that particular injury but the injury intended to be inflicted was by objective medical test found to be sufficient in the ordinary course of nature to cause death. The question is in the circumstances in which the offence came to be committed, could it ever be said that the accused intended to inflict that injury which proved to be fatal. To repeat, there was an altercation. There was no premeditation. It was something like hit and run. In such a case, part 3 of Section 300 would not be attracted because it cannot be said that the accused intended to inflict that particular injury which was ultimately found to have been inflicted. In the circumstances herein discussed, it would appear that the accused inflicted an injury which he knew to be -likely to cause death and the case would accordingly fall under Section 304 Part II Penal Code.

4. We accordingly alter the conviction of the appellant from one under Section 302 to that under Section 304 Part I (II?) Penal Code and sentence him to suffer rigorous imprisonment for five years.

5. The appeal is disposed of accordingly.


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