Skip to content


Commissioner of Income-tax, West Bengal-i Vs. Indian Aluminium Co. Ltd. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectDirect Taxation
CourtSupreme Court of India
Decided On
Case NumberCivil Appeal No. 861 of 1973
Judge
Reported inAIR1977SC1141; [1977]108ITR367(SC); (1977)4SCC598d; 1977(9)LC131(SC)
ActsIncome Tax Act, 1922 - Sections 15C
AppellantCommissioner of Income-tax, West Bengal-i
RespondentIndian Aluminium Co. Ltd.
Appellant Advocate V.P. Raman, Addl. Sol. General,; T.A. Ramcahandra and; R.N. Sachth
Respondent Advocate N.A. Palkhivala, ; A.K. Sen, ; J.B. Dadachanji, ;
Excerpt:
.....4. this appeal as well as the two appeals (civil appeal nos. it was submitted by the learned additional solicitor general as well as by mr. palkhivala that our decision in the textile machinery case would govern this appeal as well......distinguished the decision of the same court in the commissioner of income- tax west bengal-i v. textile machinery corporation 80 itr 488 (briefly the textile machinery case) and answered the question in favour of the assessee (respondent herein). hence this appeal by certificate. 4. this appeal as well as the two appeals (civil appeal nos. 772-773 of 1972) by the assessee against the decision in the textile machinery case were argued together before us. it was submitted by the learned additional solicitor general as well as by mr. palkhivala that our decision in the textile machinery case would govern this appeal as well. 5. we have to-day delivered our decision in the textile machinery case and allowed the claim of the assessee under section 15c of the act. that decision will also.....
Judgment:

P.K. Goswami, J.

1. This appeal by the Commissioner, of Income-tax, West Bengal, Calcutta, on certificate is from the judgment of the Calcutta High Court, since reported in Commissioner of Income-tax, West Bengal-I v. Indian Aluminium Co. Ltd. : [1973]88ITR257(Cal) .

The facts appearing from the judgment are as follows:

2. The Indian Aluminium Company Limited (hereinafter to be referred to as the respondent) was a manufacturer of aluminium ingots from ore. In the years prior to the assessment year 1960-61 in question the respondent had four manufacturing centers at Belur, Kalwa, Alupuram and Hirakud. In the accounting year relevant to the assessment year in question one more center was established at Muri and there were also extensions to the existing factories at Balur and Alupuram. In the assessment year 1960 61 the respondent claimed relief under Section 15C of the Indian Income tax Act, 1922 (briefly the Act) in respect of the fresh capital outlay at Muri as well as of the additional investments in the form of extensions to the existing factory premises, installation of new plant and machinery etc. at Balur and Alupuram. The Income-tax Officer refused to allow the relief and the Appellate Assistant Commissioner dismissed the respondent's appeal. On appeal to the Appellate Tribunal it held that during the previous year, the production of aluminium ingots went up by double, that the additional units set up by the respondent cost over Rs. 50 lakhs at Belur and about the same figures or a little more at Alupuram, that in view of the nature of the substantial investments, it could not be said that the units were not new industrial units by themselves. It further held that these units have been set up side by side with the old ones and had added to the respondent's total output of aluminium ingots. The Tribunal held that the respondent was entitled to the relief under Section 15G. The Tribunal, however, at the instance of the Commissioner of Income-tax referred the following question to the High Court under Section 66(2) of the Act:

Whether on the facts found by the Tribunal or on record and in the circumstances of the cases, the Tribunal was justified in holding that Section 15C of the Indian Income-tax Act, 1922, was applicable to the new production units added to the existing production units of the assessee at Balur, Alupuram and Muri in respect of buildings, plants and machineries and directing exemption to be granted under the aforesaid section accordingly

3. The High Court distinguished the decision of the same court in the Commissioner of Income- tax West Bengal-I v. Textile Machinery Corporation 80 ITR 488 (briefly the Textile Machinery case) and answered the question in favour of the assessee (respondent herein). Hence this appeal by certificate.

4. This appeal as well as the two appeals (Civil Appeal Nos. 772-773 of 1972) by the assessee against the decision in the Textile Machinery case were argued together before us. It was submitted by the learned Additional Solicitor General as well as by Mr. Palkhivala that our decision in the Textile Machinery case would govern this appeal as well.

5. We have to-day delivered our decision in the Textile Machinery case and allowed the claim of the assessee under Section 15C of the Act. That decision will also govern this appeal. The appeal is, therefore, dismissed with costs.


Save Judgments// Add Notes // Store Search Result sets // Organizer Client Files //