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Gaya Parshad Dikshit Vs. Dr. Nirmal Chander and anr. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectProperty
CourtSupreme Court of India
Decided On
Case NumberCivil Appeal No. 1811 of 1978
Judge
Reported inAIR1984SC930; 1984(1)SCALE489; (1984)2SCC286; [1984]2SCR287; 1984(16)LC305(SC)
ActsLimitation Act, 1963 - Schedule - Article 65
AppellantGaya Parshad Dikshit
RespondentDr. Nirmal Chander and anr.
Appellant Advocate S. Markandeya, Adv
Respondent Advocate E.C. Agarwala, Adv.
Prior historyFrom the Judgment and Order dated August 24, 1978 of the Allahabad High Court in second Appeal No. 1287 of 1974
Excerpt:
- - 1 is not handed over by the appellant to the 1st respondent on or before 28th february, 19 84 or if the appellant and his son fail to file an affidavit in the aforesaid terms on or before that date, the decree for possession will become executable forthwith......court that mere termination of the licence of a licencee does not enable the licencee to claim adverse possession, unless and until he sets up a title hostile to that of the licencor after termination of his licence. it is not merely unauthorised possession on termination of his licence that enables the licencee to claim title by adverse possession but there must be some overt act on the part of the licencee to show that he is claiming adverse title. it is possible that the licencor may not file an action for the purpose of recovering possession of the premises from the licencee after terminating his licence but that by itself cannot enable the licencee to claim title by adverse possession. there must be some overt act on the part of the licencee indicating assertion of hostile.....
Judgment:

P.N. Bhagwati, Acting C.J.

1. We have heard the learned Counsel on behalf of the appellant and after hearing him and persuing the judgment of the High Court, we find ourselves wholly in agreement with the view taken by the High Court that mere termination of the licence of a licencee does not enable the licencee to claim adverse possession, unless and until he sets up a title hostile to that of the licencor after termination of his licence. It is not merely unauthorised possession on termination of his licence that enables the licencee to claim title by adverse possession but there must be some overt act on the part of the licencee to show that he is claiming adverse title. It is possible that the licencor may not file an action for the purpose of recovering possession of the premises from the licencee after terminating his licence but that by itself cannot enable the licencee to claim title by adverse possession. There must be some overt act on the part of the licencee indicating assertion of hostile title. Mere continuance of unauthorised possession even for a period of more than 12 years is not enough. Here in the present case there is nothing to show that at any time after termination of his licence by Dr. Rama Shanker or by the first respondent the appellant asserted hostile title in himself. The High Court was, therefore, right in taking the view that the appellant had not established any title by adverse possession and in that view of the matter, the suit of the first respondent for recovery of possession of the premises from the appellant was not barred under Article 65 which is the only article of the Limitation Act, 1963 applicable in the present case. We accordingly confirm the judgment of the High Court and dismiss the appeal.

2. Mr. Markandeya, learned Counsel appearing on behalf of the appellant, has urged that the appellant has been in possession of the premises which consist of rooms Nos. 1, 4 and 5 shown in the Amin's map marked 16/5C since his birth and it would cause considerable hardship to him if he were to be evicted from these rooms immediately and he has, therefore, requested that sufficient time may be granted to the appellant to vacate these rooms. He has also stated that in the meanwhile the appellant is prepared to give up possession of room No.l but he may be allowed to continue in possession of room Nos. 4 & 5 for some reasonable period. This is a reasonable request on behalf of the appellant. In view of the fact that the appellant has been in possession of rooms Nos. 1, 4 and 5 for a very long period and he has a son who is studying in school, we are inclined to grant time to the appellant to hand over possession of room Nos. 4 and 5, provided he gives up possession of room No. 1 on or before 28th February, 1984. If the appellant hands over vacant and peaceful possession of room No. 1 and any other portion of the house which may be in his own occupation apart from room Nos. 4 and 5 on or before 28th February, 1984 and he and his son file an affidavit in this Court on or before the same date stating that they are in possession and occupation of rooms Nos. 4 and 5 and undertaking that they will not induct anyone else in possession or occupation of these two rooms and will hand over vacant and peaceful possession of these two rooms to the 1st respondent on or before 30th June, 1987, the decree for possession against the appellant in respect of rooms Nos. 4 and 5 will not be executed until 30th June, 1987. If vacant and peaceful possession of room No. 1 is not handed over by the appellant to the 1st respondent on or before 28th February, 19 84 or if the appellant and his son fail to file an affidavit in the aforesaid terms on or before that date, the decree for possession will become executable forthwith.

3. There will be no order as to costs throughout.


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