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Sat Pal Vs. State of Haryana - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtSupreme Court of India
Decided On
Case NumberCriminal Appeal No. 196 of 1972
Judge
Reported inAIR1979SC1767; 1979CriLJ1341; (1979)3SCC322; 1979(11)LC804(SC)
ActsEssential Commodities Act - Sections 7(1)
AppellantSat Pal
RespondentState of Haryana
Excerpt:
.....to plaintiff which sum would include amount of advance paid by her. - thus a clear attempt to export the fodder to delhi was clearly proved. we find ourselves in complete agreement with this argument which is well-founded and must prevail. 4. a perusal of the section and also of the proviso clearly shows that the court has undoubtedly a discretion in suitable cases for reasons to be recorded for not imposing the penalty of confiscation. in the instant case there are special circumstances which clearly a tract the application of the proviso and the order of confiscation ought not to have been passed by the magistrate. having regard to these special circumstances, we are clearly of the opinion that this was a fit case in which the court ought to have exercised its discretion under the..........us. in the first place it was argued that there is nothing to show that there was any attempt to export fodder in the truck outside the border of haryana. we have considered this argument but in view of the findings of fact arrived by the courts below, it is established beyond doubt that the truck belonging to the appellant was seized on the haryana delhi border when it wanted to cross the border and enter the delhi border. thus a clear attempt to export the fodder to delhi was clearly proved. secondly, it was argued that the mere exporting of cattle fodder, is not prohibited by law. this argument is also without any substance inasmuch as there was a notified order passed by the haryana government under which the export of cattle fodder was prohibited from haryana to delhi. this order.....
Judgment:

S. Murtaza Fazal Ali, J.

1. This appeal by special leave is directed against the judgment of the Punjab and Haryana High Court dated 24-3-1972 by which a revision petition of the accused who was convinced under Section 7 of the Essential Commodities Act, was dismissed and a plea raised by the present appellant that the order of confiscation of his truck be cancelled, was over-ruled. In the instant case, we are not at all concerned with merits of the conviction of the accused. The only point that arises for determination is, whether the order of the Magistrate directing the confiscation of the truck under Section 7(1)(b) of the Essential Commodities Act as it stood in 1969 is legally valid. The appellant had filed a petition before the High Court under Section 561A praying that the order of the Magistrate was extremely harsh and worked serious Injustice to the appellant which property worth one lac has been confiscated for an attempt to export from Haryana to Delhi 75 maunds of cattle fodder. The High Court does not appear to have considered the merits of the application filed by the petitioner but while deciding the case of the accused on merits, it upheld the order of confiscation.

2. Mr. Bhardwaj appearing for the appellant submitted three contentions before us. In the first place it was argued that there is nothing to show that there was any attempt to export fodder in the truck outside the border of Haryana. We have considered this argument but in view of the findings of fact arrived by the Courts below, it is established beyond doubt that the truck belonging to the appellant was seized on the Haryana Delhi Border when it wanted to cross the Border and enter the Delhi Border. Thus a clear attempt to export the fodder to Delhi was clearly proved. Secondly, it was argued that the mere exporting of cattle fodder, is not prohibited by law. This argument is also without any substance inasmuch as there was a notified Order passed by the Haryana Government under which the export of cattle Fodder was prohibited from Haryana to Delhi. This order was passed under Section 3 of the Essential Commodities Act and violation of this order was punishable under Section 7(1)(b) of the Essential Commodities Act. This argument is there fore, over ruled.

3. The last point out forward before us by the counsel for the appellant was that although the appellant had invoked the inherent jurisdiction of the High Court Under Section 561A CPC to cancel the order in view of its harshness and arbitrariness, yet the High Court did not consider the point at all. It was submitted that, at any rate, this was a most suitable case in which the discretion under the proviso is Section 7(1)(b) could have been exercised by the Govt. We find ourselves in complete agreement with this argument which is well-founded and must prevail. Section 7(1)(b) reads thus:

Any property in respect of which the order has been contravened or such part thereof as to the Court may seem fit including any packages, coverings or receptacles, in which the property is found and any animal, vehcicle, vessel or other conveyance used in carrying the property, shall be forfeited to the Government;

Provided that if the Court is of opinion that it is not necessary to direct forfeiture in respect of the who's or, as the case may be, any part of the property or any packages, coverings or receptacles or any animal, vehicle, vessel or other conveyance it may for reasons to be recorded, refrain from doing so.

4. A perusal of the section and also of the proviso clearly shows that the Court has undoubtedly a discretion in suitable cases for reasons to be recorded for not imposing the penalty of confiscation. In the instant case there are special circumstances which clearly a tract the application of the proviso and the order of confiscation ought not to have been passed by the Magistrate. To being with, the appellant was not a party to the proceedings as he was not given an opportunity to show cause to the Court the circumstances under which the order of confiscation could be passed. Secondly, the truck of the appellant was a very valuable property and to order its confiscation merely because an attempt was made to export cattle fodder through its would indeed be a very harsh order so as to work serious injustice to the appellant. Thirdly, there is no evidence to indicate that the truck which was used to carry the fodder was hired with the knowledge or occurrence of the appellant. Having regard to these special circumstances, we are clearly of the opinion that this was a fit case in which the Court ought to have exercised its discretion under the proviso is not imposing the penalty of confiscation. As the present appeal is directed against an order of confiscation, this Court also exercises the same power as the Trial Court. We, therefore, allow this appeal, set aside the order of confiscation passed by the Magistrate as also the orders of the Sessions Judge and High Court upholding the order. The truck will now be returned to the appellant.


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