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Union of India (Uoi) Vs. V.B. Raju - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectService;Constitution
CourtSupreme Court of India
Decided On
Case NumberCivil Appeal No. 2151 of 1972
Judge
Reported inAIR1982SC1174; [1982(45)FLR328]; 1982LabIC1487; 1982(1)SCALE238; (1982)2SCC326; 1982(1)SLJ602(SC); 1982(14)LC312(SC)
ActsHigh Court Judges (Conditions of Service) Act, 1954 - Sections 15; High Court Judges (Conditions of Service) (Amendment) Act, 1956; Civil Service Regulations - Regulation 561; Constitution of India - Articles 312A(3) and 133
AppellantUnion of India (Uoi)
RespondentV.B. Raju
Cases ReferredV.B. Raju v. State of Gujarat
Excerpt:
- indian stamp act (2 of 1899), section 2(24) & articles 58& 64: [r.v. raveendran & j.m. panchal, jj] stamp duty - whether the instrument in question which answers the description of 'trust deed', will also answer the description of "settlement deed", and if so whether stamp duty is payable on the instrument, under article 58 of schedule i-b to the act? property owned by three brothers -they framed a religious and charitable trust and transferred their property to trust held, instrument would come within definition of "settlement" under section 2(24) and chargeable with stamp duty under article 58. section 2(24): settlement held, non-testamentary disposition in writing, either of moveable or immovable property made for any religious or charitable purpose is a settlement......1. the respondent shri v.b. raju, was a member of the indian civil service and was a judge first of the bombay high court and later of the gujarat high court. he was a judge from june 12, 1959 to february 10, 1969 on which date he retired. he filed a writ petition in the gujarat high court claiming that he was entitled to be paid a pension of 1000 sterling in addition to the additional pension payable under part ii of the 1st schedule to the high court judges (conditions of service) act, 1954. following an earlier judgment of the same court in j.d. kapadia v. union of india : (1971)12glr938 the gujarat high court allowed the writ petition and declared that the amount payable under clause 2(a) of part ii of the first schedule of the high court judges (conditions of service) act 1954, was.....
Judgment:

1. The respondent Shri V.B. Raju, was a member of the Indian Civil Service and was a Judge first of the Bombay High Court and later of the Gujarat High Court. He was a judge from June 12, 1959 to February 10, 1969 on which date he retired. He filed a Writ Petition in the Gujarat High Court claiming that he was entitled to be paid a pension of 1000 Sterling in addition to the additional pension payable under Part II of the 1st Schedule to the High Court Judges (Conditions of Service) Act, 1954. Following an earlier judgment of the same Court in J.D. Kapadia v. Union of India : (1971)12GLR938 the Gujarat High Court allowed the Writ Petition and declared that the amount payable under Clause 2(a) of Part II of the first schedule of the High Court Judges (conditions of service) Act 1954, was 1000 Sterling according to the official rate of exchange prevailing on the date when payment became due instead of the fixed sum of Rs. 13,333.33 ps. per annum. The Union of India has filed this appeal against the decision of the Gujarat High Court. The earlier judgment of the Gujarat High Court in J.D. Kapadia v. Union of India : (1971)12GLR938 was reversed by this Court in V.B. Raju v. State of Gujarat : [1975]1SCR797 In view of the judgment of this Court in V.B. Raju v. State of Gujarat : [1975]1SCR797 this appeal has to be allowed. It was however, argued by Shri V.B. Raju, in the case now before us, that in the earlier judgment of the Supreme Court there was no reference to the High Court Judges (Conditions of Service) Act 1954. According to Shri Raju Section 15 of the Act provided that every judge who was a member of the Indian Civil Service shall, on his retirement, be paid a pension in accordance with the scale and the provisions in Part II of the 1st schedule. Part II of the 1st schedule provided that the pension which a judge who was a Member of the Indian Civil Service was entitled to receive was the pension to which he was entitled under the ordinary rules of the Indian Civil Service if he had not been appointed a judge and the additional pension in accordance with the prescribed scale. Shri Raju would say that under the ordinary rules of the Indian Civil Service he was entitled to a pension of 1000 sterling and not Rs. 13,333.33 ps. Under Regulation 561 of the Civil Service Regulations as it stood before 12.6.56 a member of the Indian Civil Service was entitled to receive a pension of 1000 Sterling. Regulation 561 was amended on 12.6.56 and instead of an annuity off 1000 Sterling an annuity of Rs. 13,333.33 ps. was substituted. Shri Raju argued that Regulation 561 as it stood before it was amended in 1956 was incorporated by reference in the High Court Judges (Conditions of Service) Act 1954, and therefore, he was entitled to be paid 1000 and not Rs. 13,333.33. We see no force whatever in the submission. There is no such incorporation, by reference, of Regulation 561 in Part II of the 1st schedule as it stood before the amendment in the High Court Judges (Conditions of Service) Act 1954. All that part II stipulates is that the pension which a High Court Judge who was a member of the Indian Civil Service was entitled to receive was the pension payable tinder the ordinary rules of the Indian Civil Service if he had not been appointed a judge. If he had not been appointed a judge he would have been entitled to a pension of Rs. 13,333.33 and not 1000 Sterling. That is, therefore, what he is entitled to get, of course, in addition to the additional pension.

2. Shri Raju raised a preliminary objection that in view of Article 312A(3) of the Constitution which came into force w.e.f. 29.8.72 the present appeal by the Union of India was not maintainable. We see no force in the submission. The action out of which the appeal arises was instituted prior to 29.8.72 and the Union of India had a vested right of appeal vide GARIKAPATTI VEERAYA v. N. SUBBIAH CHOUDHARY. : [1957]1SCR488 The appeal is therefore allowed, and the Writ Petition in the High Court is dismissed.

3. There will be no order as to costs.


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