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Smt. P. Grover Vs. State of Haryana and anr. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectService
CourtSupreme Court of India
Decided On
Case NumberCivil Appeal No. 6229 of 1983
Judge
Reported inAIR1983SC1060; 1983(2)SCALE172; (1983)4SCC291; [1983]3SCR654; 1983(2)SLJ389(SC)
AppellantSmt. P. Grover
RespondentState of Haryana and anr.
Appellant Advocate K.G. Bhagat,; Addl. Soliciter General and; K.K. Mohan, Adv
Respondent Advocate R.N. Poddar, Adv.
Prior historyAppeal by Special leave from the Judgment and Order dated 29th May, 1980 of the Punjab and Haryana High Court in C.W.P. No. 1225 of 1980
Excerpt:
.....courts and authorities. being a judgment in rem it will have effect over other judgments. a judgment in rem indisputably is conclusive in a criminal as well as in a civil proceeding - she attained the age of superannuation on august 20, 197 8. about two years before she attained the age of superannuation, she was promoted as acting district' education officer with effect from july 19, 1976. the government of haryana had taken a policy decision as early as in 1965 that the services of teachers, who had received the national or state awards, should be extended until they attained the age of 60 years, on an year by year basis, if their service record continued to be good otherwise......20, 197 8. about two years before she attained the age of superannuation, she was promoted as acting district' education officer with effect from july 19, 1976. the government of haryana had taken a policy decision as early as in 1965 that the services of teachers, who had received the national or state awards, should be extended until they attained the age of 60 years, on an year by year basis, if their service record continued to be good otherwise. pursuant to the policy decision, smt. grover's services were extended first by one year and later by another year. during the period of extension of service, she worked as principal, government higher secondary school, mahendergarh. she finally retired from service on august 31, 1980.3 we mentioned that she was promoted as an acting.....
Judgment:

O. Chinnappa Reddy, J.

1. Special leave granted.

2. Smt. P. Grover was an outstanding teacher. In 1968-69, the Government of Haryana honoured her by presenting the State Award for teachers. She attained the age of superannuation on August 20, 197 8. About two years before she attained the age of superannuation, she was promoted as acting District' Education Officer with effect from July 19, 1976. The Government of Haryana had taken a policy decision as early as in 1965 that the Services of teachers, who had received the National or State Awards, should be extended until they attained the age of 60 years, on an year by year basis, if their service record continued to be good otherwise. Pursuant to the policy decision, Smt. Grover's services were extended first by one year and later by another year. During the period of extension of service, she worked as Principal, Government Higher Secondary School, Mahendergarh. She finally retired from service on August 31, 1980.

3 We mentioned that she was promoted as an acting District Education Officer with effect from July 19, 1976. The order of promotion contained a super-added condition that she would draw her own pay scale which apparently meant that she would continue to draw her salary on her pay scale prior to promotion. The initial order extending her services recited that she was an acting District Education Officer, but contained a super-added condition that her pay would not be more than the maximum of the Principal's grade. Smt. Grover claims that having been promoted as District Education Officer, she was entitled to the pay of a District Education Officer and there was no justification for denying the same to her. A writ petition filed by her was dismissed by the High Court of Punjab and Haryana and she is before us by way of special leave under Article 136 of the Constitution. The counter-affidavit filed on behalf of the Government of Haryana offers no rational explanation for denying the pay of District Education Officer to Smt. P. Grover' after she was promoted to ac; as District Education Officer. All that was said in the counter-affidavit was that there were no Class-I post available and therefore, she was not entitled to be paid the salary of District Education Officer. We are unable to understand the reason given in the counter-affidavit. She was promoted to the post of District Education Officer, a Class-I post, on an acting basis. Our attention was not invited to any rule which provides that promotion on an acting basis would not entitle the officer promoted to the pay of the post. In the absence of any rule justifying such refusal to pay to an officer promoted to a higher post the salary of such higher post (the validity of such a rule would be doubtful if it existed), we must hold that Smt. drover is entitled to be paid the salary of a District Education Officer from the date she was promoted to the post, that is, July 19, 1976, until she retired from service on August 31, 1980. The appeal is accordingly allowed with costs.


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