Skip to content


Bhaiya Shankar Pratap Deo Vs. Tapeshwari Singh and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectProperty
CourtSupreme Court of India
Decided On
Judge
Reported inAIR1980SC1223; (1980)2SCC308; 1980(12)LC417(SC)
ActsCode of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) , 1973 - Sections 146(1); Bihar Land Reforms Act, 1950 - Sections 6;
AppellantBhaiya Shankar Pratap Deo
RespondentTapeshwari Singh and ors.
Excerpt:
- indian evidence act, 1872 sections 101-104 :[s.b. sinha, asok kumar ganguly & r.m. lodha,jj] burden of proof held, it falls in the realm of procedural law. enactment of provision providing for reverse burden is within the competence of legislature - a perusal of the act clearly shows that if the appellants were not in khas possession of the land on the crucial date i. the high court has clearly pointed out that on this crucial date, the lands remained attached by a magistrate under section 146(1) of cr......land reforms act of 1950, as the appellant was in khas possession of the land in question on the crucial date did not vest in the government. a perusal of the act clearly shows that if the appellants were not in khas possession of the land on the crucial date i. e. 6-11-1951, then their title to the property would stand extinguished. the high court has clearly pointed out that on this crucial date, the lands remained attached by a magistrate under section 146(1) of cr.p.c. and no steps were taken by the appellant to get the land released. ultimately, however the lands were released in favour of the defendants, and the income collected by the receiver were also allowed to be taken by the defendants. it is therefore clear that even if the receiver was in possession of the lands in.....
Judgment:

S. Murtaza Fazal Ali.

1. This appeal by certificate is directed against the judgment of the Patna High Court, upholding the decree of the Trial Court and dismissing the plaintiff's suit.

2. The detailed history of the case has been given in the judgment of the High Court and it is not necessary to repeat the same in view of the only point of law that has been argued before us. Mr. U.R. Lalit, Counsel for the appellant submitted that in view of the Bihar Land Reforms Act of 1950, as the appellant was in khas possession of the land in question on the crucial date did not vest in the Government. A perusal of the Act clearly shows that if the appellants were not in khas possession of the land on the crucial date i. e. 6-11-1951, then their title to the property would stand extinguished. The High Court has clearly pointed out that on this crucial date, the lands remained attached by a Magistrate Under Section 146(1) of Cr.P.C. and no steps were taken by the appellant to get the land released. Ultimately, however the lands were released in favour of the defendants, and the income collected by the receiver were also allowed to be taken by the defendants. It is therefore clear that even if the receiver was in possession of the lands in question while the attachment under Cr.P.C. was in force, the attachment would in law be deemed to have been on behalf of the defendant in whose favour the lands were released. Thus it is clear that on 6-11-51 the property being custodic legis the appellant was but in actual or constructive possession of the land, hence his title stood extinguished. Secondly, even if we assume that Khorposh grant land did not fell within the ambit of Section 6 of Bihar Land Reforms Act of 1950, there was an Amendment under which these lands also stood vested in the state unless the reminder was in possession of the land on 26-1 1955. More also the evidence and the findings of fact recorded by the Courts below and upheld by the High Court are that the defendants were in possession of that land on 26-1-55. Thus the title of the appellant stood extinguished and the High Court was therefore right in affirming the decree of dismissal of the suit by the Trial Court. We do not find any merit in this appeal. It is accordingly dismissed but in the circumstances there would be no order as to costs in this Court.


Save Judgments// Add Notes // Store Search Result sets // Organizer Client Files //