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State of U.P. and ors. Vs. SuraIn Singh - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectTenancy
CourtSupreme Court of India
Decided On
Case NumberCivil Appeal No. 133 of 1972
Judge
Reported inAIR1985SC930; 1985(1)SCALE1169; (1985)3SCC126; 1985(17)LC743(SC)
ActsBombay Municipal Corporation Act, 1888; Constitution of India - Articles 14 and 226; Bombay Government Premises (Eviction) Act, 1955
AppellantState of U.P. and ors.
RespondentSuraIn Singh
Cases ReferredState of Uttar Pradesh v. Arshad Ali Khan
Excerpt:
.....to them. there is no hostile discrimination. - disapproved the majority view in northern india caterers private ltd. besides, it was found that the procedure under eth acts under consideration was not so harsh or onerous as to suggest a discrimination under article 14. in view of this, the full bench decision of the allahabad high court in raja ram verma's case, supra, holding that the act was ultra vires the constitution in its entirety cannot therefore be treated as good law......was as to the validity under article 14 of the bombay municipal corporation act, 1888 and the bombay government premises (eviction) act, 1955 which conferred on the authorities the power to initiate eviction proceedings against unauthorized occupants of corporation and government premises. the majority speaking through alagiriswami j. disapproved the majority view in northern india caterers private ltd., and anr. v. stale of punjab and anr. : [1967]3scr399 . and held that the statutes lay down the purpose behind them, that is, that premises belonging to the corporation and the government should be subjected to speedy procedure in the matter of evicting unauthorized persons occupying them. this is regarded as sufficient guidance for the authorities to take action and an indication.....
Judgment:

1. The question involved in this appeal by certificate seems to be covered by the decision of this Court in Maganlal Chhagganlal (P) Ltd. v. Municipal Corporation of Greater Bombay and Ors. : [1975]1SCR1 . which impliedly overrules the Full Bench decision of the Allahabad High Court in Raja Ram Verma v. State of Uttar Pradesh : AIR1968All369 taking a view to the contrary. In the Maganlal Chhagganlal's case, the question was as to the validity under Article 14 of the Bombay Municipal Corporation Act, 1888 and the Bombay Government Premises (Eviction) Act, 1955 which conferred on the authorities the power to initiate eviction proceedings against unauthorized occupants of Corporation and Government premises. The majority speaking through Alagiriswami J. disapproved the majority view in Northern India Caterers Private Ltd., and Anr. v. Stale of Punjab and Anr. : [1967]3SCR399 . and held that the statutes lay down the purpose behind them, that is, that premises belonging to the Corporation and the Government should be subjected to speedy procedure in the matter of evicting unauthorized persons occupying them. This is regarded as sufficient guidance for the authorities to take action and an indication for the officers to avail themselves of the procedure prescribed by the Acts and not resort to the dilatory procedures of the ordinary Civil Court. It was accordingly held that the Act could not be struck down on the possibility of discrimination between occupiers of the Municipal and Government properties and if it happened, the Court was not powerless. Besides, it was found that the procedure under eth Acts under consideration was not so harsh or onerous as to suggest a discrimination under Article 14. In view of this, the Full Bench decision of the Allahabad High Court in Raja Ram Verma's case, supra, holding that the Act was ultra vires the Constitution in its entirety cannot therefore be treated as good law. In the present case, the petition filed by the respondents in the High Court under Article 226 was allowed solely on that ground. As held by this Court in State of Uttar Pradesh v. Arshad Ali Khan : AIR1982SC780a in view of the majority decision of the Court in the Maganlal Chhagganlal's case, the Act cannot be deemed to suffer from any constitutional infirmity. Following the course adopted in the case of Arshad Ali Khan, we accept the appeal, set aside the impugned judgment and remand the case to the High Court for deciding the other points raised in the petition before it. We hope and trust that it would be possible for the High Court to dispose of the writ petition as expeditiously as possible; in any event, not later than two months from today. There shall be no order as to costs.


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