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Commissioner of Income-tax Vs. Corporation Bank Ltd. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectDirect Taxation
CourtSupreme Court of India
Decided On
Judge
Reported in[2002]254ITR791(SC)
ActsIncome Tax Act, 1961 - Sections 147
AppellantCommissioner of Income-tax
RespondentCorporation Bank Ltd.
Appellant Advocate V. Gaurishankar, Sr. Adv., S. Rajappa and; B.K. Prasad, Advs
Respondent Advocate S.N. Bhatt and ; Janaki Ramachandran, Advs.
DispositionAppeals dismissed
Excerpt:
.....the part of the assessee to disclose fully and truly the material facts necessary for the assessment years for the respective years and as such section 147(a) has no manner of application and is not attracted in the facts of the matter underconsideration. cit [1986]158itr102(sc) .9. in that view of the matter, these appeals fail and are dismissed......years and as such section 147(a) has no manner of application and is not attracted in the facts of the matter underconsideration. the high court on consideration of the facts came to the conclusion that the tribunal was justified in coming to the said finding and we also record our concurrence therewith. 8. incidentally this issue came for consideration before this court in a batch of cases on more or less identical situations and this court while dealing withthis matter finally, recorded that the question as regards reopening of the assessment under section 147(a) of the act would not arise further. the question in the facts of the matter under consideration is thus covered by the judgment of this court in state bank of travanwre v. cit : [1986]158itr102(sc) . 9. in that view.....
Judgment:
ORDER

1. The assesses, a banking company, had the assessment for the year ending on December 31, 1968, completed on October 4,1969. Subsequently, however, the assessment was reopened under Section 147(a) of the Income-tax Act, 1961, to bring to tax a sum of Rs. 54,485 in respect of interest suspense account. It is, however, according to the assessee, the sums representing interest on loans, recovery of which was considered doubtful.

2. Incidentally be it noted that the assessee had disclosed this sum of Rs. 54,485 in the balance-sheet as unrealised amount of interest along with thereturn filed by it and the Income-tax Officer had accepted the return and as a matter of fact had excluded that amount in the assessment order completed on October 4, 1969.

3. The factual score depicts that in terms of a notice under Section 147(a) of the Act, the assessment was reopened and a sum of Rs. 54,485 was subjected to tax on the ground that the interest accrued and due on the loans advanced by the bank was the income of the bank for the relevant assessment year and the assessee has failed to disclose this income in the return filed earlier.

4. In the appeal against the reassessment order, the Commissioner of Income-tax (Appeals) upheld the order of the Income-tax Officer and on further appeal, the Tribunal, however, reversed the view of the Commissioner and held that the instructions of the Central Board of Direct Taxes contained in circular dated October 6, 1952, would govern the case and the reopening was not justified and on a reference before the High Court under Section 256(1) of the Income-tax Act, the High Court answered the reference in favour of the assessee upon recording its approval on to the order of the Tribunal.

5. The records depict that two questions were raised before the High Court : [1986]157ITR509(KAR) namely (page 510):

'1. Whether, on the facts and in the circumstances of the case, the Income-tax Appellate Tribunal is right in law in holding that the provisions of Section 147(a) are not attracted

2. Whether, on the facts and in the circumstance of the case, the Income-tax Appellate Tribunal is right in law in holding that the interest of Rs. 54,485 taken directly to interest suspense account is not assessable to income-tax ?'

6. So far as the second question is concerned, the High Court recorded that the matter need not be gone into by reason of the circular dated October 6, 1952, issued by the Central Board of Direct Taxes. Neither do we feel it necessary to go into the issue any further.

7. Turning attention to the first question as regards the provisions under Section 147(a) be it noted and as the facts depict,there is no failure on the part of the assessee in furnishing the particulars pertaining to the above noted sum as not recoverable for the relevant accounting year and the statements filed along with the original return disclosed the full details of the aforesaid account. There is, therefore, no failure on the part of the assessee to disclose fully and truly the material facts necessary for the assessment years for the respective years and as such Section 147(a) has no manner of application and is not attracted in the facts of the matter underconsideration. The High Court on consideration of the facts came to the conclusion that the Tribunal was justified in coming to the said finding and we also record our concurrence therewith.

8. Incidentally this issue came for consideration before this court in a batch of cases on more or less identical situations and this court while dealing withthis matter finally, recorded that the question as regards reopening of the assessment under Section 147(a) of the Act would not arise further. The question in the facts of the matter under consideration is thus covered by the judgment of this court in State Bank of Travanwre v. CIT : [1986]158ITR102(SC) .

9. In that view of the matter, these appeals fail and are dismissed. No order as to costs.


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