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Jagannath Prasad Vs. Daulat Ram Manocha - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCivil
CourtSupreme Court of India
Decided On
Case NumberCivil Appeal No. 328 of 1966
Judge
Reported in(1971)3SCC888
ActsCode Of Civil Procedure (CPC) 1908 - Orders 2, 34 Rules 2, 14
AppellantJagannath Prasad
RespondentDaulat Ram Manocha
DispositionAppeal Dismissed
Excerpt:
.....code, 1908 (v of 1908) — order 34, rule 14 — bar not applicable after decree in mortgage suit is satisfied — decree capable of being executed against other properties -- the suit was decreed by the munsiff. the mortgagee also instituted a suit on the mortgage and obtained a decree. the executing court directed execution to issue. the mortgagee is now entitled to execute the decree for rent against the property of the judgment-debtor, or against him personally, and the mortgage decree being satisfied the decretal amount may be satisfied even from the property which was mortgaged. before the mortgage decree was satisfied the bar of order 34, rule 14 operated. - the text below is only a summarized version of the order pronounced the decree in the mortgage suit has..........of the suit for recovery of rent.2. the mortgagee again applied for executing the decree in the rent suit and sought execution against the movables of the mortgagor, and the salary received by him as a teacher. the executing court directed execution to issue. the matter was taken up in second appeal to the high court. the high court of allahabad held that the executing court was not competent to direct execution against the mortgaged property, but whether the decree could be executed against the other property of the appellant or against him personally was not a matter which need be decided at this stage, because a final decree in the mortgage was passed and the claim of the mortgagee may be satisfied out of the sale proceeds of the mortgaged property.3. this appeal is filed with.....
Judgment:

J.C. SHAH, J.

1.On August 30, 1948, the appellant executed a deed of mortgage with possession in respect of two houses in favour of the respondent to secure repayment of Rs 15,000. The property mortgaged remained in the possession of the appellant under a rent note for Rs 150 per month. It appears that sometimes thereafter one of the two houses mortgaged was released and the rent was reduced to Rs 75 per month. The appellant having fallen in arrears of rent, the respondent filed Suit 601 of 1955 in the Court of the Munsiff, Kanpur, for a decree for Rs 2625 being the rent for the period May 30, 1952 to May 10, 1955. The suit was decreed by the Munsiff. The decree was sought to be executed by the mortgagee by attachment and sale of the mortgaged property, but the application was rejected. The mortgagee also instituted a suit on the mortgage and obtained a decree. That decree was confirmed by this Court in Civil Appeal 239 of 1967 by order, dated July 31, 1967. This Court rejected the contention of the appellant that the suit for recovering the mortgage amount was barred under Order 2, Rule 2, Code of Civil Procedure, because of the institution of the suit for recovery of rent.

2. The mortgagee again applied for executing the decree in the rent suit and sought execution against the movables of the mortgagor, and the salary received by him as a teacher. The executing Court directed execution to issue. The matter was taken up in second appeal to the High Court. The High Court of Allahabad held that the Executing Court was not competent to direct execution against the mortgaged property, but whether the decree could be executed against the other property of the appellant or against him personally was not a matter which need be decided at this stage, because a final decree in the mortgage was passed and the claim of the mortgagee may be satisfied out of the sale proceeds of the mortgaged property.

3. This appeal is filed with special leave. We are informed at the Bar that the decree in the mortgage suit has been satisfied. The question of the bar of Order 34, Rule 14 of the Code of Civil Procedure does not therefore survive. The mortgagee is now entitled to execute the decree for rent against the property of the judgment-debtor, or against him personally, and the mortgage decree being satisfied the decretal amount may be satisfied even from the property which was mortgaged. The terms of Order 34, Rule 14 of the Code of Civil Procedure, insofar as they are relevant, provide that where the mortgagee has obtained a decree for the payment of money in satisfaction of a claim arising under the mortgage, he shall not be entitled to bring the mortgaged property to sale otherwise then by instituting a suit for sale in enforcement of the mortgage, and he may institute such suit notwithstanding anything contained in Order 2, Rule 2. Before the mortgage decree was satisfied the bar of Order 34, Rule 14 operated. The decree was, however, capable of being executed against the other property of the judgment-debtor. It may now be executed against all his property not exempt from attachment.

4. The appeal fails and is dismissed with costs.


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