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Deputy Custodian General, Evacuee Property and anr. Vs. Daulat Ram and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectProperty
CourtSupreme Court of India
Decided On
Case NumberCivil Appeal No. 1460 of 1967
Judge
Reported inAIR1973SC1381; (1973)3SCC621
ActsIndian Limitation Act - Schedule - Article 182
AppellantDeputy Custodian General, Evacuee Property and anr.
RespondentDaulat Ram and ors.
Excerpt:
.....of lease - it is because possession was in fact not given of entire land and was a part of that land - possession given at date much later than order of collector - held, following well-settled practice entertaining of such contention raised for first time declined. - indian penal code, 1890 sections 300 &304-b: [dr. arijit pasayat & asok kumar ganguly,jj] murder -accused charged for murder of his wife - death caused by burning within few months of marriage death taking place in house where accused and deceased stayed together held, such fact by itself is not sufficient to convict accused for murder. however, accused is liable to be convicted for dowry death in view of evidence of harassment of deceased for dowry. - on june 8, 1949 the assistant custodian made an order that..........30/1940 directing that land in two villages belonging to the judgment debtor be leased out to the decree holder for 20 years with effect from kharif 1941. the judgment debtor had lands in other villages also but the entire land in these two villages was leased out to the decree bolder. it appears that the decree holder took execution proceedings in 1941, 1943 and 1948 but on each occasion the proceedings were consigned to the record room. on the partition of the country the judgment debtor who was a muslim, became an evacuee and his land vested in the custodian of evacuee property under the evacuee laws then in force. on june 8, 1949 the assistant custodian made an order that possession of the property which had been leased out should be given to the decree holder in satisfaction of the.....
Judgment:

A.N. Grover, J.

1. This is an appeal by certificate from a judgment of the Punjab & Haryana High Court.

2. The facts may be briefly stated. Late Nadar Chanel the father of respondents obtained a money decree for Rs. 16,771/- against one Mokham Din in the year 1935. During the course of execution proceedings the decree was forwarded to the Collector for execution under Section 88 of the CPC. The Collector made an order on September 30/1940 directing that land in two villages belonging to the judgment debtor be leased out to the decree holder for 20 years with effect from Kharif 1941. The Judgment debtor had lands in other villages also but the entire land in these two villages was leased out to the decree bolder. It appears that the decree holder took execution proceedings in 1941, 1943 and 1948 but on each occasion the proceedings were consigned to the record room. On the partition of the country the judgment debtor who was a Muslim, became an evacuee and his land vested in the Custodian of Evacuee Property under the Evacuee Laws then in force. On June 8, 1949 the Assistant Custodian made an order that possession of the property which had been leased out should be given to the decree holder in satisfaction of the decree on the condition that on the expiry of the term of the lease his claim would be deemed to have been satisfied. On October 2, 1949 the Additional Custodian, confirmed that order saying that possession might be delivered to the decree holder. As mentioned in the judgment of the High Court the possession was not delivered till March' 1951. The possession which was given was of much less area than the area covered by the lease. The decree holder was also dispossessed from certain land as the same had been allotted to displaced persons. On December 29, 1960 the decree holder moved the Additional Custodian, Jullundur, complaining that possession of the remaining area had not been given. This application was rejected by the Additional Custodian on February 7, 1961. The matter was taken in revision to the Deputy Custodian General of Evacuee Property. Certain orders including one of remand were made which need not be mentioned. Finally the Deputy Custodian General dismissed the revision application. He held inter alls that the execution application of the decree holder was barred under the provisions of Article 182 of the Indian Limitation Act and the decree had become inexecutable. His order was challenged under Article 226 of the Constitution before the High Court. A learned single Judge dismissed the petition. The appeal under Clause 10 of the Letters Patent filed by the present appellants, however, succeeded. The Division Bench, after considering all the relevant provisions, quashed the order of the Deputy Custodian General on the ground that the significance of the various legal provisions had not been fully appreciated by the Custodian Department or by the learned single Judge. The High Court expressed the view that the decision of the Deputy Custodian. Genera! on the question of limitation was altogether erroneous.

3. Learned Counsel for the Deputy Custodian General who is the appellant before us has not sought to challenge the decision of the High Court on the point on which it was given. He has sought to raise a question which was never agitated before the High Court. The contention now sought to be raised is that assuming that the Division Bench took the right view on the question of limitation the period for which the land had been farmed out by the Collector by his order made in September 1940 had already expired. That period of 20 years could not be extended. The effect of quashing the order of the Deputy Custodian General dated October 31, 1964 would be to restore the order of the Additional Custodian dated October 2, 1949. That would lead to various complications. One of such complications will arise out of the claim of the appellants that they are entitled to remain in possession beyond the period of the lease because possession was in fact not given of the entire land and it was only of a part of that land that possession had been given and that also at a date much later than the order of the Collector. Indisputably no such argument was raised before the High Court and following our well settled practice we decline to entertain any such contention, raised for the first time here.

4. As no other point has been agitated the appeal fails and it is dismissed with costs.


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