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Union of India (Uoi) Vs. P.M. Jayarajan - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectService
CourtSupreme Court of India
Decided On
Case NumberCivil Appeal No. 219 of 1974
Judge
Reported inAIR1976SC218; (1976)ILLJ232SC; (1976)1SCC367; [1976]2SCR861; 1976(1)SLJ114(SC); 1976(8)LC101(SC)
ActsConstitution of India - Articles 226, 312-A, 934, 934-A, 934-B, 934-C, 934-D and 935; Civil Service Regulations - Regulation 934-A and 934-D; Former Secretary of State Service Officers (Conditions of Service) Act, 1972 - Sections 12; Constitution (28th Amendment) Act, 1972 - Article 312-A; Condition of Service Act, 1972 - Sections 8(1)
AppellantUnion of India (Uoi)
RespondentP.M. Jayarajan
Appellant Advocate R.M. Meheta and; S.P. Nayar, Advs
Respondent Advocate A.V.Ramga, ; and A. Subhasini, Advs.
Cases ReferredCourt In V.B. Raju and Ors. v. State of Gujarat and Ors.
Prior historyAppeal by Special Leave from the Judgment and Order dated September 11, 1974 of the Punjab and Haryana High Court in Letters Patent Appeal No. 416 of 1970
Excerpt:
- indian penal code, 1890 sections 300 &304-b: [dr. arijit pasayat & asok kumar ganguly,jj] murder -accused charged for murder of his wife - death caused by burning within few months of marriage death taking place in house where accused and deceased stayed together held, such fact by itself is not sufficient to convict accused for murder. however, accused is liable to be convicted for dowry death in view of evidence of harassment of deceased for dowry......27th august, 1972.8. parliament on 21 september, 1972 made the law called the former secretary of state service officers (conditions of service) act, 1972. a former secretary of state officer means a person referred to in sub-clause (a) or sub-clause (b) of clause (1) of article 312-a of the constitution. the respondent is a former secretary of state service officer within the meaning of sub-clause (a) of clause (1) of article 312-a. section 8(1) of the conditions of service act, 1972 enacts that no former secretary of state service officer shall be entitled or be deemed to have been entitled, to claim (a) pension shall be paid outside india; or (c) where his pension was expressed in sterling or a fixed sterling minimum was applicable in respect of the pension payable to him, that his.....
Judgment:

A.N. Ray, C.J.

1. This appeal is by special leave from the judgment dated 3 March, 1972 of the High Court of Madras.

2. The respondent in an application under Article 226 of the Constitution asked for a writ of mandamus directing the appellant Union to pay the respondent pension at the rate of ls-9d per rupee in accordance with Regulations 934-A and 934-D of the Civil Service Regulations.

3. The Respondent is a Ceylonese nations. He joined the Indian Civil Service on 6 October, 1933. After 15 August, 1947 he continued to serve in our country until his retirement on 31 December, 1949.

4. At his retirement he was sanctioned an annuity of 743-2 shillings-6 pence per annum. He commuted a part of his pension leaving a balance of Rs. 500 per month.

5. Between March, 1968 and October 1969 he resided in Uganda in East Africa. When the respondent was in Uganda he claimed pension at the rate of ls-9d to a rupee. His request was accepted by the Accountant General, Madras. The Union Government received the decision and directed that the conversion rate should be ls-6d to a rupee and the excess payment should be recovered from the respondent. The respondent thereafter made an application under Article 226 of the Constitution.

6. The High Court accepted the petition of the respondent on the ground that the respondent shifted his residence from Ceylon to Uaganda and was, therefore, entitled to benefit under the second proviso to Article 934 of the Civil Service Regulations. The second proviso to Article 934 was as follows:

Provided that save where a pensioner resides in India (which for purpose of this Article and Articles 934-A, 934-B, 934-C, 934-D and 935 shall be deemed to include Burma, Ceylon, Nepal, and the French and Portuguese establishments in India) the minimum rate of conversion shall be 1/9 per repee.

7. The question of payment of pension to members of the Indian Civil Service in sterling was examined by this Court In V.B. Raju and Ors. v. State of Gujarat and Ors. (1) : [1975]1SCR797 . The Constitution (Twentyeight) (Amendment) Act, 1972 introduced Article 312-A. Article 312-A confers power on Parliament to make law, inter alia, to vary or revoke prospectively or retrospectively the conditions of service as respects pension of persons who having been appointed by Secretary of State or Secretary of State in Council to a Civil Service of the Crown in India before the commencement of the Constitution retired or otherwise ceased to be in service at any time before the commencement of the Constitution (28th Amendment) Act, 1972. The Constitution (28th Amendment) Act, 1972 came into existence on 27th August, 1972.

8. Parliament on 21 September, 1972 made the law called the Former Secretary of State Service Officers (Conditions of Service) Act, 1972. A former Secretary of State Officer means a person referred to in Sub-clause (a) or Sub-clause (b) of Clause (1) of Article 312-A of the Constitution. The respondent is a former Secretary of State Service Officer within the meaning of Sub-clause (a) of Clause (1) of Article 312-A. Section 8(1) of the Conditions of Service Act, 1972 enacts that no former Secretary of State Service Officer shall be entitled or be deemed to have been entitled, to claim (a) pension shall be paid outside India; or (c) where his pension was expressed in sterling or a fixed sterling minimum was applicable in respect of the pension payable to him, that his pension shall be computed in the rupee equivalent of the amount fixed in sterling at a rate of exchange exceeding the irate of rupees thirteen and one-third to the pound sterling.

9. Section 12 of the Former Secretary of State Service, Officers (Conditions of service) Act, 1972 states that the provisions of this Act or of any order made thereunder shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any law other than this Act or in any rule, regulation or order or other instrument having effect by virtue of any law other than the 1972 Act.

10. The Constitution Bench of this Court in V.B. Raju's (1) case (supra) held that the former Members of the Indian Civil Service as a result of the Conditions of service Act, 1972 are not entitled to claim payment of pension in sterling or outside India or by converting 1000 at the rate of exchange exceeding the rate of exchange of Rupees thirteen and one third to the pound sterling.

11. The judgment of the High Court cannot be sustained by reason of change in law. The appeal is accepted and the judgment of the High Court is set aside. Parties will pay and bear their own costs.


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