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K. Choyi Vs. Syed Abdulla Bafakky Thangal and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectDirect Taxation;Criminal
CourtSupreme Court of India
Decided On
Case NumberCriminal Appeal No. 15 of 1973
Judge
Reported inAIR1980SC99; [1980]123ITR435(SC); (1980)1SCC459; 1979(11)LC643(SC)
AppellantK. Choyi
RespondentSyed Abdulla Bafakky Thangal and ors.
Excerpt:
.....amount sized by police to income tax department - earlier application under section 226 (4) dismissed and became final due to failure to revenue to challenge it - present application under section 132 cannot be allowed. - madhya pradesh accommodation control act (41 of 1961)section 2(c) :[altamas kabir & cyriac joseph, jj] public servant held, chairman and executive officer of co-operative bank fall within the definition of public servant. sections 74, 75 & 76 :[altamas kabir & cyriac joseph, jj] bar under - held, initiation of prosecution against chairman and directors of co-operative bank for defrauding bank is not barred. accused are not entitled to discharge. act does not bar resort to provisions of general criminal law, particularly when charges under the prevention..........under section 226(4) of the income tax act to become final. the high court dismissed the income officer, assessment iv's criminal revision petition on the ground that section 132(1)0') of the income tax act had no application to the facts of the case as the currency cotes produced in court were not those seized by the officer or which he was empowered to seize'. the income tax officer, assessment iv, calicut, has preferred this appeal, having obtained special leave from this court.3. shri lalit and shri datar, learned counsel for the appellant, urged that section 132 of the income tax act was applicable to assets in the custody of the court also and that the income tax officer, who may not physically seize the assets, may achieve the result by requesting the court to deliver.....
Judgment:

O. Chinnappa Reddy, J.

1. On December 24, 1970. at about 1 A.M. Beeran, second respondent herein, was walking along the road in Calicut town when the Police stopped him on suspicion, reached him and found, in a beg which he was carrying, a sum of rupees one lakh in currency notes of one hundred rupee denomination. He was arrested under Sections 54 and 550 of the Code of Criminal Procedures and produced before the Sub Magistrate I, Kozhikode. The Magistrate remanded him to Custody. The Police reported to the Magistrate that at the time of arrest Beeran had stated that the money belonged to one Ahamed Thangal and that he was carrying the money to be paid to one Kayappa of Puthupady. On December 28, 1970. Beeran filed a petition requesting the Court to pay the money to Sayed Abdulla Bafakai Thangal, first respondent herein stating that the money belonged to him, Sayed Abdulla Bafakai Thangal also filed a similar petition (C.M.P. No. 65/70). On November 20, 1971, the Police submitted a final report referring the case as one of mistake of fact and stating that their investigation revealed that the money seized from Beeran belonged to Syed Abdulla Pafakai Thangal and that Beeran had committed no offence. In the meanwhile the Income tax Officer Assessment IV, Calicut, the appellant herein, filed C.M.P. No. 1/71 before the Sub-Magistrate paying that the amount seized from Beeran may be paid to him under Section 132 of the Income Tax Act as it represented wholly for partly property or income which had not been disclosed for the purposes of the income tax Act. Later, Beeran was assessed to pay income tax of Rs. 56, 501 and a penalty of Rs. 42,900 and the Income tax Officer (Recovery) Calicut filed C.M.P. No. 54/71 before the Sub Magistrate, apparently under Section 226(4) of the Income tax Act, praying that the amount of Rs. 1,00,000 seized from Beeran may be paid to him.

2. The learned Magistrate, on the scant material available to him, found that the amount seized from Beeran belonged to Syed Abdulla Bakefai Thangal. He rejected C.M.P. Nos. 1 and 54 of 1971 and allowed C.M.P. No. 65 of 1970. The Income Tax Officer, Assessment IV, Calicut and the Income tax Officer (Recovery) filed Criminal Revision Petitions 1/1972 and 2/1972 respectively in the Court of the District Magistrate, Calicut. The learned District Magistrate confirmed the order of the Sub-Magistrate and dismissed the Criminal Revision Petitions. The Income tax Officer, Assessment IV, Calicut filed a further Criminal Revision Petition in the High Court against the order of the District Magistrate in Criminal Revision Petition No. 1 of 1972 But the Income tax Officer (Recovery) did not file any further Criminal Revision Petition. He allowed the order of District Magistrate affirming the order of the Sub-Magistrate rejection his application under Section 226(4) of the Income tax Act to become final. The High Court dismissed the Income Officer, Assessment IV's Criminal Revision Petition on the ground that Section 132(1)0') of the Income tax Act had no application to the facts of the case as the currency cotes produced in Court were not those seized by the Officer or which he was empowered to seize'. The Income tax Officer, Assessment IV, Calicut, has preferred this appeal, having obtained special leave from this Court.

3. Shri Lalit and Shri Datar, learned Counsel for the appellant, urged that Section 132 of the Income tax Act was applicable to assets in the custody of the Court also and that the Income tax Officer, who may not physically seize the assets, may achieve the result by requesting the Court to deliver the assets to him. We do not think it necessary to consider this question in the situation that has arisen on the facts of the case. There can be no Question of making a seizure under Section 132 of the Income tax Act and proceeding further under the provisions of that section, once an assessment is completed. Seizure under Section 132 relates to a pre-assessment is completed before the seizure is effected and while the assets are still in the custody of the Court the appropriate remedy for the Revenue is to make an application under Section 226(4) of the Income tax Act. That was what was done in the present case too. The earlier petition by the Income tax Officer, Assessment IV praying that the money maybe paid to him under Section 132 must be considered to have become anfractuous as a result of subsequent events. Now, as already mentioned by us, the order of the District Magistrate confirming that of the Sub Magistrate rejecting the application under Section 226(4) was allowed to become final by the Income tax Officer (Recovery). We have, therefore, no option but to reject the present appeal. We may and that on the material placed before him the learned Sub Magistrate was justified in holding that the money belonged to Syed Abdulla Bafakei Thangal and not to Beeran.


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