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income Tax Officer and ors. Vs. Rattan Lal and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectDirect Taxation
CourtSupreme Court of India
Decided On
Case NumberCivil Appeal No. 1536 of 1974
Reported in(1984)38CTR(SC)382
Appellantincome Tax Officer and ors.
RespondentRattan Lal and ors.
Excerpt:
- - 24 of the finance act which prevents the ito, if he were not satisfied with the explanation of the assessee about the genuineness or source of amounts found credited in his books, in spite of these having been made the subject matter of the declaration by the depositors/creditors, to include then as income of the assessee from undisclosed sources and that there is no warrant for the submission that s......submission that s. 24 has overriding effect over s. 68 of the it act of 1961, in so far as persons other than the declarants are concerned. on the aspect of purported double taxation also this court has held that there is no question of double taxation.3. in this view of the matter, we allow the appeal and set aside the impugned judgment of the high court (ratanlal & ors. v. ito . the writ petition filed in the high court out of which this appeal has arisen is dismissed with costs throughout.
Judgment:

: By the court - In our opinion this appeal will have to be allowed in view of the decision of this court in Jamnaprasad Kanhaiyalal v. CIT

2. Counsel for the assessee, however, urged before us that two points arise for decision in this case and that the decision of this Court in Jamnaprasad Kanhaiyalas case (supra) does not cover both the points which have been decided by the High Court in favour of the assessee. WE are unable to accept this contention, for a careful perusal of that decision will show both the aspects are covered and the entire basis of the impugned judgment of the High Court has been rightly overruled. On the question whether the immunity enjoyable by the declarants u/s 24 of the Finance (No. 2) Act of 1965 under the Voluntary Disclosure Scheme should be confined to the declarants or could be extended to the assessment of a third party (the assessee before the ITO), the aforesaid decision has ruled that such immunity is confined to the declarants alone. The order aspect which was sought to be pressed by Mr. Sharma before us was that the High Court on the facts of the case had come to the conclusion that in view of the statutory provisions contained in s. 24 of the Finance Act and the declarations of the declarants which had been accepted by the CIT thereunder, the initial onus which lay u/s 68 of the 1961 Act on the assessee to offer a satisfactory explanation should be taken to have been discharged and the onus shifted thereafter on the ITO to establish that the sums so credited were the income of the assessee which had not been discharged and the High Court had taken the view that the provisions of the Finance Act to override the provisions of the 1961 Act. Evan this aspect of the matter has been in terms dealt with by this court in its aforesaid, decision on pp. 258-259 of the report while overruling the impugned judgment of the High Court. This court has expressly observed that there is nothing in s. 24 of the Finance Act which prevents the ITO, if he were not satisfied with the explanation of the assessee about the genuineness or source of amounts found credited in his books, in spite of these having been made the subject matter of the declaration by the depositors/creditors, to include then as income of the assessee from undisclosed sources and that there is no warrant for the submission that s. 24 has overriding effect over s. 68 of the IT Act of 1961, in so far as persons other than the declarants are concerned. On the aspect of purported double taxation also this court has held that there is no question of double taxation.

3. In this view of the matter, we allow the appeal and set aside the impugned judgment of the High Court (Ratanlal & Ors. v. ITO . The writ petition filed in the High Court out of which this appeal has arisen is dismissed with costs throughout.


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