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Additional Commissioner of Income-tax Vs. Precision Metal Works and Others - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
Subject Direct Taxation
CourtDelhi High Court
Decided On
Case NumberIncome-tax Reference No. 29 of 1975
Judge
Reported in[1985]156ITR693(Delhi)
ActsIncome Tax Act, 1961 - Sections 263 and 273
AppellantAdditional Commissioner of Income-tax
RespondentPrecision Metal Works and Others
Excerpt:
.....said to be erroneous and prejudicial to the interests of the revenue, because the ito failed to initiate penalty proceeding under sections 273 and 271(1)(c) while completing the assessment ?' 2. the facts of the case were as follows :the income-tax officer computed the firm's income on july 18, 1968. according to him, the purchase of raw material was not fully vouched because it was purchased in the black market; 5. the firm as well as the two partners filed separate appeals which were disposed of together......the assessment ?' 2. the facts of the case were as follows : the income-tax officer computed the firm's income on july 18, 1968. according to him, the purchase of raw material was not fully vouched because it was purchased in the black market; he accordingly made disallowances and additions to profits and observed 'the two partners of the firm have surrendered in all a sum of rs. 40,750 in their personal accounts. these additions are on account of the trading in this firm only. thereforee, no addition is made in the case of the firm.' on the same day, the two partners were also assessed by the same income-tax officer. in the case of shri s. n. sood, a sum of rs. 25,000 was added as his personal income on account of cash credits in the account of the firm and in the case of shri r. l......
Judgment:

D.K. Kapur, J.

1. M/s. Precision Metal Works has two partners, Shri R. L. Kapoor and Shri S. N. Sood, with a 75 per cent. share and 25 per cent. share, respectively. There are three references before us (ITR Nos. 29 to 31 of 1975) for the assessment year 1964-65, which related to the firm as well as each of the partners. The questions are as follows :

'A. IN THE CASE OF THE FIRM :

Whether, on the facts and in the circumstances of the case, the order of the Income-tax Officer could be said to be erroneous and prejudicial to the interests of the Revenue inasmuch as the ITO failed to add the sum of Rs. 40,750 in the assessment of the firm accepting the surrender made by the partners, particularly having regard to the provisions contained in section 68 of the I.T. Act B. IN THE CASE OF EACH OF THE PARTNERS :

Whether, on the facts and in the circumstances of the case, the assessment order dated July 18, 1968, could be said to be erroneous and prejudicial to the interests of the Revenue, because the ITO failed to initiate penalty proceeding under sections 273 and 271(1)(c) while completing the assessment ?'

2. The facts of the case were as follows : The Income-tax Officer computed the firm's income on July 18, 1968. According to him, the purchase of raw material was not fully vouched because it was purchased in the black market; he accordingly made disallowances and additions to profits and observed 'the two partners of the firm have surrendered in all a sum of Rs. 40,750 in their personal accounts. These additions are on account of the trading in this firm only. thereforee, no addition is made in the case of the firm.' On the same day, the two partners were also assessed by the same Income-tax Officer. In the case of Shri S. N. Sood, a sum of Rs. 25,000 was added as his personal income on account of cash credits in the account of the firm and in the case of Shri R. L. Kapoor, an addition of Rs. 15,750 was made.

3. Thus, in effect, what the Income-tax Officer did was not to make an addition to the firm's income, but to make the same in the personal account of each partner.

4. Under section 263 of the Act, the Additional Commissioner of Income-tax, Delhi-III, was of the view that the order of the Income-tax Officer was prejudicial to the Revenue for three reasons-(1) the Income-tax Officer should have invoked section 145 when there were black market transaction, (2) the total deposits in the names of partners amounted to Rs. 86,650, but no addition had been made though these deposits represented trading by the firm, and (3) the Income-tax Officer had only considered deposits amounting to Rs. 40,750 and did not consider the balance of Rs. 45,900. According to him, an Explanationn should have been called for the balance and penalty proceeding initiated. And further, as no estimate of advance tax had been filed, action should have been taken for imposing penalty under section 273 and charging penal interest under section 217. As a result, the order was set aside and the Income-tax Officer was directed to make a fresh assessment, after giving due opportunity to the assessed. Orders were passed in respect of all the three assesseds.

5. The firm as well as the two partners filed separate appeals which were disposed of together. The conclusion of the Tribunal on the points raised before it were as follows. After analysing the accounts, it was held that though the order of the Income-tax Officer was cryptic, he had examined the cash credits and had come to the conclusion that credits were explained on the extent of Rs. 45,900 and the balance had been added back to the partners themselves. As this conclusion seems to be one of fact, we do not see how to answer the first question because it was open to the Income-tax Officer to add this amount to the firm's income, i.e., Rs. 40,750. However, as the assessment of the partners was also before him and they agreed to take the sum of Rs. 40,750 as part of their personal income, the Income-tax Officer added the sum of Rs. 25,000 to the income of Shri S. N. Sood and Rs. 15,750 to the income of Shri R. L. Kapoor. The income could either be the income of the firm or it could be the income of the individual partners. It could not be the income of both. Once having accepted the amount as the income of the partners themselves, it could not be added to the income of the firm. We are, thereforee, of the view that the assessment on the firm could not be set aside and the answer to the first question regarding the firm does not depend on section 68 of the Act.

6. Learned counsel for the Department urged that the amount should be added to the income of the firm, but this can only be done if it is not added as income of the partners. The assessment of the partners has resulted in this sum being charged to tax and it does not appear to make much difference whether the sum is taxed in the hands of the partners or in the hands of the firm. Moreover, there is one important aspect of this case. Shri R. L. Kapoor had a share of 75 per cent. and Shri S. N. Sood had a share of 25 per cent. If the amount is taxed in the hands of the firm, then the share of Shri S. N. Sood would not be 25 per cent. but would be only 25 per cent. of Rs. 40,750, which is about Rs. 10,000 and the share of Shri R. L. Kapoor would be 75 per cent. which would be about Rs. 30,000 instead of Rs. 15,750. When the true picture was explained to the Income-tax Officer, we think that he was right in adding the income to the persons to whom it belonged rather than to tax the wrong person on the wrong amount. So, the answer to the first question has to be in the negative in the sense that the order is not erroneous and, thereforee, not prejudicial to the interests of the Revenue. The addition of the sum of Rs. 40,750 to the (income of the) firm would have been erroneous.

7. Moreover, section 68 of the Act only applies when the Explanationn is not accepted, but if the Explanationn is accepted, then the section does not apply.

8. Turning now to the case of penalty which is covered by the second question, the Tribunal held that the matter was outside the jurisdiction of the Commissioner. On this part of the case, the decision of this court in Addl. CIT v. Achal Kumar Jain : [1983]142ITR606(Delhi) , has been referred to us in which it was held that the Commissioner is not justified in setting aside the assessment order to direct initiation of penalty proceedings. Following the same, we answer the second question in favor of the assessed and against the Department, but leave the parties to bear their own costs in all the three references.


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