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Harichand Vs. Gopal Krishan Etc. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtDelhi High Court
Decided On
Case NumberCriminal Revision Appeal No. 542 of 1969
Judge
Reported inILR1970Delhi653
ActsCode of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) , 1898 - Sections 204(1A)
AppellantHarichand
RespondentGopal Krishan Etc.
Advocates: J.N. Raizada and; K.B. Kalra, Advs
Cases ReferredMochi Moli Lal Jagijimndas v. The State and
Excerpt:
criminal procedure code, sections 204(1-a) & 244--name of witnesses not mentioned in the list of witnesses--whether can be examined during trial.-; that once the accused has been summoned and the trial starts, then the provisions of section 244 cr. p.c., become applicable and since it does not require the complainant to put in any list of witnesses or to confine to the list already put in by him under section 204(1-a) cr. p. c. it cannot be said that the magistrate can refuse to take down the evidence of those witnesses who are present and are produced by the complainant. ; that as long as the witness was present in court at the time the complainant's evidence was being recorded and the complainant requested the court to examine that witness, it was the duty of the court to examine..........a complaint under section 323, ip.c against gopal krishan and five others. he had submitted a list of witnesses under section 204(1-a) c.r. p. c., before the summons were issued to the accused. in that list the name of parma nand was not mentioned. later on, during the trial on 17th april, 1969, prem pal was examined and the complainant requested the court to examine parma nand also who was present in court. this request of the complainant was turned down by the trial magistrate on the ground that his name was not mentioned in the list of witnesses. the complainant thereafter went in revision to the sessions judge.(2) the only question to be decided by me is whether a person whose name is not mentioned in the list of witnesses put in under section 204(1-a), criminal procedure code.....
Judgment:

Vyas Dev Misra, J.

(1) A recommendation has been made by the Additional Sessions Judge, Delhi, for quashing the order of the Magistrate, dated 17th April. 1969, refusing tore- cord the statement of Parama Nand on behalf of the complainant Hari Chand had filed a complaint under section 323, IP.C against Gopal Krishan and five others. He had submitted a list of witnesses under section 204(1-A) C.r. P. C., before the summons were issued to the accused. In that list the name of Parma Nand was not mentioned. Later on, during the trial on 17th April, 1969, Prem Pal was examined and the complainant requested the Court to examine Parma Nand also who was present in Court. This request of the complainant was turned down by the trial Magistrate on the ground that his name was not mentioned in the list of witnesses. The complainant thereafter went in revision to the Sessions Judge.

(2) The only question to be decided by me is whether a person whose name is not mentioned in the list of witnesses put in under section 204(1-A), Criminal Procedure Code ., can be examined by the Magistrate, ill the instant case, the Magistrate was recording the statements of witnesses under section 244, Criminal Procedure Code . This enjoins upon the Magistrate to 'take all such evience as may be produced in support of the prosecution.' There is no provision in Chapter Xx which deals with the trial of summons cases by the Magistrate, which requires the complainant to put in any list of witnesses. It is true that under section 204 (I-A) , Criminal Procedure Code . , there is a provision requiring a list of witnesses to be put in by the complainant but that is a provision which relates to proceedings before the accused are summoned. Once the accused has been summoned and the trial starts then the provisions of section 244, Criminal Procedure Code . , become applicable and since it does not require the complainant to put in any list or to confine to the list already put in by him under section 204(1-A), Criminal Procedure Code . , it cannot be said that the Magistrate can refuse to take down the evidence of of those witnesses who are produced by the complainant. It is true that in case the complainant seeks the help of the Court for the production of those witnesses who are not mentioned in the list put in under section 204 (1-A), Criminal Procedure Code ., the Magistrate may rightly refuse to issue summons or warrants as the case may be.

(3) I find that similar previsions have been framedunder Chapter Xi in section 251-A, sub-section (7) and section 252 , Criminal Procedure Code . Both these provisions enjoin uppon the Magistrate to record the evidence as may be produced by the prosecution and the complainant respectively In Criminal Revision No. 151 of 1967 Shil D. S. Brndra v. Shri Ajit Singh, decided on the 1st May, 1967, by this Court, a similar question had arisen with respect to the interpretation of the provision under section 252, Criminal Procedure Code . In that case the statement of awitness who was not mentioned in the list of witnesses put in under section 204(1-A) had, infact, been recorded and the question arose whether any illegality had been committed by the Magistrate. While considering that legal aspect, Hegde, C. J., (Now Hon'ble Judge of the Supreme Court) took into consideration Ali Jan v. Amir Khan, : AIR1957Cal332 , Nathia and another v. Soni and others, and agreed with those decisions . K. Sotnasundaram v. Gopa and another, A.I. R. 1958 Mad 341, State of Bombay v. Junardhan and others, A.I. R. 1960 Bom 513, Mochi Moli Lal Jagijimndas v. The State and others, 1961(2) Cr. L.J. 474 were also considered but were not relied upon. I am in respeciful agreement with the view expressed by Hegde, C.J. , in that revision. The learned counsel for the respondents referred to the decision in Dalip Singh Gujar Singh , , to support his contention that the complainant should put in supplementary list of witnesses before he should be allowed to summon them. I have gone through this judgment and it relates to the interpretation of various provisions relating to the case of warrant trial on the basis of a complaint. Under section 252, Criminal Procedure Code . a duty is cast on the Magistrate to ascertain from the complainant the names of the witnesses and in case the Magistrate has ascertained those names, it was held that no other witnesses could be summoned. Since the question to be decided in that case was entirely a different one, I express no openion about that.

(4) The learned counsel for respondents also urged that Parma Nand witness, in fact, had been summoned by the Magistrate and he was present in the Court because of the summons. I am not concerned with the reason as to why the witness was present in Court. As long as the witness was present in Court at the time the complainant's evidence was being recorded and the complainant requested the Court to examine that witness, it was the duty of the Court to examine him.

(5) I would, thereforee, accept the recommendation made by the learned Additional Sessions judge and quash the orders of the Magistrate, dated 17 the April, 1969. The parties are directed to appear before the Chief Judicial Magistrate on the 30th January, 1970.


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