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islamuddIn Vs. State - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtDelhi High Court
Decided On
Case NumberCriminal Revision Appeal No. 327 of 1974
Judge
Reported in1975CriLJ841; 1975RLR169
ActsCode of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) , 1973 - Sections 397; Evidence Act - Sections 130
Appellantislamuddin
RespondentState
Advocates: P.P. Grover and; H.R. Sachdev, Advs
Excerpt:
.....witnesses from the localities can be joined before carrying out raids or searches. there may be exceptional circumstances which may persuade the court that the statement of a police officer is so trustworthy that the conviction may be passed upon it......the petitioner has read out the evidence of the two witnesses who were ex- amined at the trial. public witness . 1 rashid ahmed stated in his examination-in-chief that he had seen the petitioner in police custody. permission was sougt to cross-examine pw1. in the course of that cross-examination public witness . 1 stated that the knife exhibit public witness . 1 had not been recovered in his presence. besides pw. 1, only the investigating officer was examined by the prosecution to bring home the guilt to the accused. it is most unsafe to rely only on the statements of police officials to convict persons where other independent witnesses from the localities can be joined before carrying out raids or searches. there may be exceptional circumstances which may persuade the court that the.....
Judgment:

P.S. Safeer, J.

(1) Feeling dissatisfied with the order dt. 25-11-1974, by which Additional Sessions Judge, Delhi had dismissed revision petition filed by petitioner I made the order directing that record pertaining to the revision petitioner dismissed by the Additional Sessions Judge as well as the Metropolitan Magistrate, be immediately collected.

(2) I have gone through the record pertain- ing to the revision petition as well as that which pertains to the original proceedings, which were held by the Metropolitan Magis- trate. At my instance the learned counsel appearing for the petitioner has read out the evidence of the two witnesses who were ex- amined at the trial. Public Witness . 1 Rashid Ahmed stated in his examination-in-chief that he had seen the petitioner in police custody. Permission was sougt to cross-examine PW1. In the course of that cross-examination Public Witness . 1 stated that the knife Exhibit Public Witness . 1 had not been recovered in his presence. Besides PW. 1, only the investigating officer was examined by the prosecution to bring home the guilt to the accused. It is most unsafe to rely only on the statements of police officials to convict persons where other independent witnesses from the localities can be joined before carrying out raids or searches. There may be exceptional circumstances which may persuade the court that the statement of a police officer is so trustworthy that the conviction may be passed upon it.

(3) The evidence of the investigating officer has been, as observed earlier, read out before me. I find that injustice has been done to the petitioner. He should not have been convicted on the basis of the solitary testimony furnished by the deposition of the investigating officer. According to the said witness he had prior information that the petitioner was in possession of a spring actuated knife. He had with him the time for organising the raid. He could have joined in the raiding party more persons and in that eventuality Rashid Ahmed could not have been the only public witness to be examined in court. The investigating officer had also the additional information as to where exactly the petitioner could be found. He went in search of the petitioner and con- veniently found him at the indicated spot. I am not persuaded that the prosecution pro- duced evidence which could have sustained the conviction. I may also observe that the Code of Criminal Procedure, which has come into force as from the 1st of April, 1974 pro. vides that an appeal will lie only whers the sentence on conviction is that of more than three months. That being so where revision petitions are the only remedy on account of the limitations contained in the code, the learned Additional Sessions Judges will be more careful in appreciation of evidence. It is true that the revisional jurisdiction in its own scope does not postulate reappreciation of evidence. That, however, is an aspect which must be appreciated in the light of limitation that no appeal lies against a conviction in respect of which the sentence imposed is that of less than three months. The court of revision becomes responsible for adjudicating upon all aspects that may be raised before it. I am sure that these observations will be borne in mind by the courts having revision- ary jurisdiction within section 397 of the new Code of Criminal Procedure. Petition allowed.


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