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Ghamandi Singh Vs. State - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtDelhi High Court
Decided On
Case NumberCriminal Miscellaneous Appeal No. 154 of 1982
Judge
Reported in25(1984)DLT170; 1984RLR3
ActsCode of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) , 1973 - Sections 243; Delhi Gambling Act, 1955 - Sections 7
AppellantGhamandi Singh
RespondentState
Advocates: K.K. Sud and; P.S. Sharma, Advs
Excerpt:
the case discussed whether the guilt of the accused could be recorded on the basis of joint plea of guilt within the provisions of section 251 and 252 of the criminal procedure code, 1973 - it was held that the accused could not be convicted on the basis of the joint plea in absence of any record related to the plea of the accused being in contrary of law and could not be saved by section 237 of the code - thus the act of the court to adopt such procedure had vitiated the trial of the accused and the conviction of the accused was set aside resulting in acquittal of the accused - - it is well settled that the provisions of section 243 new section 252 are mandatory and its non-compliance vitiates the trial and the same is not saved by section 537 of the code of criminal procedure......on 6/08/1981 at 5 p.m. and was arrested by the sub-inspector on the allegations that they were playing cards by staking money in a public park near satyam cinema in patel nagar. it was alleged that the petitioner and his accomplice were playing the game of flash and that in the process of laying a raid to apprehend the accused they threw the three cards held by each on the heap of the undistributed cards and mixed the money in the stake money. the police officer took into possession the 52 playing cards and the total amount of rs. 12.00 and that the accused thus committed an offence under section12 of the delhi gambling act by playing the game of flash in public place.(2) it appears that two accused were produced before the learned metropolitan magistrate on 7.8.1981 where they.....
Judgment:

N.N. Goswamy, J.

(1) The Petitioner was prosecuted by Police Station Patel Nagar for the offence punishable under section 7 of the Delhi Gambling Act. He along with one Joginder Chawla was apprehended on 6/08/1981 at 5 p.m. and was arrested by the Sub-Inspector on the allegations that they were playing cards by staking money in a public park near Satyam Cinema in Patel Nagar. It was alleged that the petitioner and his accomplice were playing the game of Flash and that in the process of laying a raid to apprehend the accused they threw the three cards held by each on the heap of the undistributed cards and mixed the money in the stake money. The police officer took into possession the 52 playing cards and the total amount of Rs. 12.00 and that the accused thus committed an offence under section12 of the Delhi Gambling Act by playing the game of Flash in public place.

(2) It appears that two accused were produced before the learned Metropolitan Magistrate on 7.8.1981 where they pleaded guilty and were sentenced to imprisonment till the rising of the court and a fine of Rs. 100.00each. A revision petition against the said order of the MetropolitanMagistrate was dismissed in liming by the learned Additional Sessions Judge.

(3) It is against the aforesaid order of the learned Additional Sessions Judge that the present petition under section 482 of the Code of Criminal Procedure has been filed. I have perused the register of Summary trial relating to the case before me. It is recorded 'Offence explained, both the accused persons pleaded guilty to oral notice that they were gambling. They are convicted and sentenced to T.R.C. and fine of Rs. 100.00 each. In default10 days S.I.'

(4) The petition has to be allowed on the short ground that there has been a non-compliance with the mandatory provisions of Sections 251 and 252 of the Code of Criminal Procedure and recording the joint plea,in the circumstances, was not permissible. It is well settled that the provisions of Section 243 new Section 252 are mandatory and its non-compliance vitiates the trial and the same is not saved by section 537 of the Code of Criminal Procedure. Further regarding the plea of guilt, simply making a note thatthe accused persons pleaded guilty without there being any indication as to what the accused pleaded is not in compliance with Section 243 of the Code.(See : 1974 Raj. L.R. 104, 1968 Cr. L.J. 427, 1962 P L R 906and 1972 Cr. L.J. 540.

(5) Having found these defects, the Revision Petition has to be allowed,but now it is to be seen whether in the circumstances, the case should besent back to the Metropolitan Magistrate for fresh trial or not. Considering that the offence is of a very petty nature where only Rs. 12.00 were recoveredand two persons were involved. The sword has been banging for over a year and it is not proper, in my opinion, that the sword should be allowedto hang on the next of the persons for a longer period. Consequently, THE petition is allowed and the petitioner is acquitted of the charge.


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