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Elixir Plantations Ltd., Kottayam Vs. the Commissioner of Income-tax, Kerala, Ernakulam - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectDirect Taxation
CourtKerala High Court
Decided On
Case NumberIncome-Tax Referred Case No. 70 of 1963
Judge
Reported inAIR1965Ker210
ActsIncome-tax Act, 1922 - Sections 4
AppellantElixir Plantations Ltd., Kottayam
RespondentThe Commissioner of Income-tax, Kerala, Ernakulam
Appellant Advocate C.K. Viswanatha Iyer,; M.A. Thrivilyama Pai and; C. Poul
Respondent Advocate C.T. Peter, Adv.
Cases ReferredT. v. N.T. Patwardhan
Excerpt:
- .....1959-60) relevant to the assessment year 1960-61, the assessee sold certain dead and wind-fallen avenue trees for a sum of rs. 68,690 and credited it in the profit and loss account under miscellaneous receipt in greenfield estate. of this, rupees 68,000 was the amount received from a firm called malankara timbers, a registered partnership.'it is clear from the above statement that the sum of rs. 68,000 which is the subject-matter of reference, is part of the sale-proceeds of dead and wind-fallen, avenue trees cut and removed from the estate, which were purchased a year or two before the transaction. if the trees, are dead and windfallen it is certain that no future growth out of them is possible. the principle of commr. of i.-t. v. n.t. patwardhan, : [1961]41itr313(bom) is that if the.....
Judgment:

Madhavan Nair, J.

1. The question referred is 'whether the amount of Rs. 68,000/- was correctly brought to tax.'

2. The statement of the case, in its paragraph 2,reads :--

'The assessee purchased a Coffee Estate known as 'Greenfield' Estate in Coorg in 1958. During the accounting year 1959-60) relevant to the assessment year 1960-61, the assessee sold certain dead and wind-fallen Avenue Trees for a sum of Rs. 68,690 and credited it in the profit and loss account under miscellaneous receipt in Greenfield Estate. Of this, rupees 68,000 was the amount received from a firm called Malankara Timbers, a registered Partnership.'

It is clear from the above statement that the sum of Rs. 68,000 which is the subject-matter of reference, is part of the sale-proceeds of dead and wind-fallen, avenue trees cut and removed from the Estate, which were purchased a year or two before the transaction. If the trees, are dead and windfallen it is certain that no future growth out of them is possible. The principle of Commr. of I.-T. v. N.T. Patwardhan, : [1961]41ITR313(Bom) is that if the trees are so cut as to leave their stumps capable of yielding further growth, the proceeds of the cutting will be revenue, and not capital. When the sale is of 'dead and windfallen' trees, the cutting and removal would exhaust the trees, leaving no chance of further income therefrom. The receipts must then be of a capital nature. The question referred therefore has to be answered in the negative and in favour of the assessee. We do so. No order as to costs here.


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