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Subramonia Iyer Vs. Janardhanan - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCivil
CourtKerala High Court
Decided On
Case NumberSecond Appeal No. 186 of 1958
Judge
Reported inAIR1962Ker297
ActsCode of Civil Procedure (CPC) , 1908 - Sections 144
AppellantSubramonia Iyer
RespondentJanardhanan
Appellant Advocate K.N. Narayanan Nair, Adv.
Respondent Advocate T.S. Krishnamurthy Iyer, Adv.
DispositionAppeal dismissed
Cases ReferredIn Guran Ditta v. T.R. Ditta
Excerpt:
- - in my view, the claim is well founded and falls squarely within the terms of section 144, civil procedurecode, the relevant part of which reads: ' in stating the principle, i cannot do better than extract the following passage from the judgment of the privy council fn rodger v. ..so far, therefore, as principle is concerned, their lordships have no doubt or hesitation in saying that injustice will be done to the petitioners, and that the perfect judicial determination which it must be the object of all courts to arrive at, will not have been arrived, at unless the persons who have had their money improperly taken from them have the money restored to them, with interest, during the time that the money has teen withheld......in saying that injustice will be done to the petitioners, and that the perfect judicial determination which it must be the object of all courts to arrive at, will not have been arrived, at unless the persons who have had their money improperly taken from them have the money restored to them, with interest, during the time that the money has teen withheld.'in guran ditta v. t.r. ditta, air 1935 pc 12, the privy council observed, that the above decision 'seems rightly to have grounded the practice in india in such cases.'2. on the above principle, the appellant was rightlyheld liable for interest. he has been made so liable onlyfor interest that had accrued from the date on which noticewas given to him of the deposit made; no exception whatevercan be taken to this. the second appeal.....
Judgment:

S. Velu Pillai, J.

1. The short question for decision in this Second Appeal is, whether in proceedings' under Section 144 of the Civil Procedure Code, the appellant, decree-holder, who had withdrawn a certain sum of money deposited in Court by the respondent-judgment-debtor, pursuant to a decree which had afterwards been modified, is not liable also for interest thereon in making restitution. It was contended for the appellant, that no claim for Interest can be made against him, being outside the provisions of the Interest Act. In my view, the claim is well founded and falls squarely within the terms of Section 144, Civil ProcedureCode, the relevant part of which reads:--

'and, for this purpose, the Court may make any order,including orders.....for the payment of interest......which are properly consequential on such variation or reversal.'

This power is untrammelled by anything in the Interest Act, being founded upon a wholly different principle, that, it is one of the highest duties of the Court to see that 'its act does no injury to any of the suitors.' In stating the principle, I cannot do better than extract the following passage from the judgment of the Privy Council fn Rodger v. Comptoir D' Escompte De Paris, (1871) LR 3 PC 465.

'It is contended, on the part of the Respondents here, that the principal sum being restored to the present petitioners, they have no right to recover from them any interest. It is obvious that, if that is so, injury, and very grave injury, will be done to the Petitioners......So far, therefore, as principle is concerned, their Lordships have no doubt or hesitation in saying that injustice will be done to the Petitioners, and that the perfect judicial determination which it must be the object of all Courts to arrive at, will not have been arrived, at unless the persons who have had their money improperly taken from them have the money restored to them, with interest, during the time that the money has teen withheld.'

In Guran Ditta v. T.R. Ditta, AIR 1935 PC 12, the privy Council observed, that the above decision 'seems rightly to have grounded the practice in India in such cases.'

2. On the above principle, the appellant was rightlyheld liable for interest. He has been made so liable onlyfor interest that had accrued from the date on which noticewas given to him of the deposit made; no exception whatevercan be taken to this. The Second Appeal is dismissed withcosts.


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