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The State of Gujarat Vs. Ambalal Maganlal Shah - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtGujarat High Court
Decided On
Judge
Reported in1966CriLJ967; (1966)GLR23
AppellantThe State of Gujarat
RespondentAmbalal Maganlal Shah
Cases ReferredIn East India Trading Co v. Badat
Excerpt:
- .....that compromise was proved by a certified copy. his further contention is that the compromise is a public document because it was produced in a criminal revisional court and also because the revisional court took that compromise as one of the reasons of its judgment for reducing the sentence. it is contended that the compromise became a part of the record of the court and that therefore it is a public docutment. before the compromise was presented in this court it was an act of the parties. it was, therefore, a private document. a private document does not become a public document simply because it is filed in the court. to be a public document, it should be a record of the act of a public officer or court. there is a distinction between the record of the act of the court and the record.....
Judgment:

V.B. Raju, J.

1. This is an appeal from an acquittal. The main argument advanced by the learned Government Pleader in support of his appeal is that the respondent in his compromise which was filed in the High Court in another matter admitted that there was no truth in the complaint made by him. It is, therefore, submitted that his acquittal under Section 211 of the Indian Penal Cods was wrong. That compromise was proved by a certified copy. His further contention is that the compromise is a public document because it was produced in a Criminal Revisional Court and also because the Revisional Court took that compromise as one of the reasons of its judgment for reducing the sentence. It is contended that the compromise became a part of the record of the Court and that therefore it is a public docutment. Before the compromise was presented in this Court it was an act of the parties. It was, therefore, a private document. A private document does not become a public document simply because it is filed in the Court. To be a public document, it should be a record of the act of a public officer or Court. There is a distinction between the record of the act of the Court and the record of the Court. A document which forms part of the record of the Court does not necessarily form record of the act of the Court. It may be that upon a private document, which is a record of the act of private parties a second act is done by the public officer or by the Court, namely filing the document or putting a number on the document. Only that portion of the document, which records the act of the Court in filing the document would be a public document. Therefore, that part of the document, namely the original part would be a private document forming the record of the act of the private parties and what is subsequently added to that document by the Court would be a public document. In East India Trading Co v. Badat & Co. AIR 1959 Bora 414, upon which the learned advocate for the respondent placed reliance at page 419, an award presented in the Court and upon which a judgment was pronounced was held not a public document and, with great respect rightly so. I, therefore, hold that the compromise of the private parties, which is filed in the Criminal Court, is not a public document and cannot be proved by a certified copy. It should, therefore, be excluded from consideration. It is conceded by the learned Government Pleader that it that is excluded, there is no case for setting aside the acquittal.

2. I, therefore, dismiss the appeal.


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