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Nopla and ors. Vs. Mula and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCivil
CourtRajasthan High Court
Decided On
Case NumberCivil Ref. No. 18 of 1956
Judge
Reported inAIR1957Raj342
ActsCode of Civil Procedure (CPC) , 1908 - Sections 9; Rajasthan Revenue Courts (Procedure and Jurisdiction) Act, 1951 - Sections 42
AppellantNopla and ors.
RespondentMula and ors.
Excerpt:
- section 2(k), 2(1), 7 & 40 & juvenile justice (care and protection of children) rules, 2007, rule 12 & 98 & juvenile justice act, 1986, section 2(h): [altamas kabir & cyriac joseph, jj] determination as to juvenile - appellant was found to have completed the age of 16 years and 13 days on the date of alleged occurrence - appellant was arrested on 30.11.1998 when the 1986 act was in force and under clause (h) of section 2 a juvenile was described to mean a child who had not attained the age of sixteen years or a girl who had not attained the age of eighteen years - it is with the enactment of the juvenile justice act, 2000, that in section 2(k) a juvenile or child was defined to mean a child who had not completed eighteen years of a ge which was given prospective prospect -..........however, does not end here for section 42 of the aforesaid act provides:'(1) if in any such suit objection was taken in the court of first instance and the appellate court has before it all the material necessary for the determination of the suit, it shall dispose of the appeal as if the suit had been instituted inthe right court .....'the learned additional commissioner has notstated that the materials before him are not sufficient for decision of the case on merits. while,therefore, the answer to the reference is that arevenue court had no jurisdiction to entertainthe suit for issue of a permanent injunction forre-straining the defendants from obstructing thepassage of the plaintiffs and their cattle to thepasture land, it is further held that this objection has to be dealt with.....
Judgment:
ORDER

Bapna, J.

(1) This is a reference under Section 40 of the Rajasthan Revenue Courts (Procedure and Jurisdiction) Act, 1951.

(2) Respondents Mulla, Ralia and Ghisa, brought a suit against the defendant-appellants Nopla, Mahadeva, Sheosahai, Ramnath and Par-bhati, praying for a permanent injunction res-training the latter from obstructing them and their cattle from passing through a Nala constituting the way to the Banjar land and from obstructing their cattle being grazed in the area. Plaintiffs' allegations were that the defendants by laying hedges across the said Nala had obstructed the passage of the plaintiffs and their cattle to the pasture land. The defendants denied the plaintiffs' right of way through the Nala.

(3) The suit was valued at Rs. 2100/- and was originally instituted in the Court of the Civil Judge, Alwar, who returned the plaint holding that the suit was triable by a revenue Court, When the case came before the Sub-Divisional Officer, Behror, an objection was raised by the defendants that the suit was triable by a civil court and not by a revenue court. The Sub-Divisional Officer. Behror, however, rejected the objection and after evidence gave a decree to the plaintiffs by order dated 23rd April, 1955. On appeal by the defendants the question of jurisdiction was again raised and the learned Additional Commissioner. Jaipur, was of opinion that the suit was for an injunction not covered by any of the items in the First Schedule to the Rajasthan Revenue Courts (Procedure and Jurisdiction) Act and was, therefore, triable by a civil court. He has accordingly made this reference.

(4) The dispute is regarding the right of way to the pasture land and is not covered by Item 25 of Group 'B'. The dispute is not over any com-nson grazing ground as well and, therefore, it is not covered by Item 28, and the case docs not come under any of the other Items as well. I, therefore, declare that the suit was triable by a civil court. The difficulty, however, does not end here for Section 42 of the aforesaid Act provides:

'(1) If in any such suit objection was taken in the court of first instance and the appellate court has before it all the material necessary for the determination of the suit, it shall dispose of the appeal as if the suit had been instituted inthe right court .....'

The learned Additional Commissioner has notstated that the materials before him are not sufficient for decision of the case on merits. While,therefore, the answer to the reference is that arevenue court had no jurisdiction to entertainthe suit for issue of a permanent injunction forre-straining the defendants from obstructing thepassage of the plaintiffs and their cattle to thepasture land, it is further held that this objection has to be dealt with by the appellate courtin the manner provided by Section 42 of the Rajas-than Revenue Courts (Procedure and Jurisdiction). Act.


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