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Dayal Chand and ors. Vs. State of Rajasthan and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCivil
CourtRajasthan High Court
Decided On
Case NumberS.B. Civil Writ Petition No. 766/1976
Judge
Reported in1978(11)WLN3
AppellantDayal Chand and ors.
RespondentState of Rajasthan and ors.
DispositionPetition allowed
Cases ReferredThakurdas v. State
Excerpt:
.....to charge for which he has been punished. both the orders of the collector and the additional sessions judge, therefore, are invalid being in violation of the principles of natural justice.;revision allowed. - section 2(k), 2(1), 7 & 40 & juvenile justice (care and protection of children) rules, 2007, rule 12 & 98 & juvenile justice act, 1986, section 2(h): [altamas kabir & cyriac joseph, jj] determination as to juvenile - appellant was found to have completed the age of 16 years and 13 days on the date of alleged occurrence - appellant was arrested on 30.11.1998 when the 1986 act was in force and under clause (h) of section 2 a juvenile was described to mean a child who had not attained the age of sixteen years or a girl who had not attained the age of eighteen years - it is..........of the quantities shown in its stock register. the s.d.o. therefore, cancelled the petitioner firm's licence and forfeited the security money of rs. 500/- to the government. the firm preferred an appeal before the collector, sri ganganagar. at the same time the s.d.o. referred the case to the collector sri ganganagar for initiating proceedings for the confiscation of the food grains. the collector after completion of the enquiry ordered the confiscation of the food grains referred to above under section 6a of the essential commodities act being aggrieved, the petitioner's firm went in appeal before the learned sessions judge, sri ganganagar who transferred the case to the additional sessions judge. the appeal before the additional sessions judge did not succeed and the same was.....
Judgment:

M.L. Joshi, J.

1. In this petition, the petitioner seeks to pray for quashing the order of the learned Additional Sessions Judge, Sri Ganganagar dated 2-3-76 affirming the order of the learned Collector, Sri Ganganagar dated 15 7-1975 which in its turn had approved the order of the S.D.O. dated 3-1-1975, in the alternative it has been prayed that if the petition under Article 226 is not held to be maintainable, then the petition may be treated as revision. The petitioner has brought this composite petition as there was divergence of opinion prevailing amongst the various High Courts on the point as to whether a writ petition or revision will lie against the order of the Additional Sessions Judge passed under Section 6C of the Essential Commodities Act The controversy has now been set at rest by the latest pronouncement of the Supreme Court in Thakurdas v. State if Madhya Pradesh : 1978CriLJ1 wherein it bas been held that the revision application will lie against the order of the Sessions Judge. Their lordships have laid down that when the Sessions Judge was appointed an Appellate Authority by the State Government under Section 6C of the Essential Commodities Act he was constituted Appellate Authority in the Sessions Court over which Sessions Judge presides. It was further observed that the Sessions Court is constituted under the Code of Criminal Procedure & indisputably it is an inferior court in relation to the High Court. Therefore, revision will lie against the order made by the Sessions Judge in exercise of powers conferred by Section 6C. It was further held that in such cases the Sessions Court is not a persona designate. It is therefore now clear that revision does lie against the order of the Collector passed Under Section 6A of the Essential Commodities Act under the new CrPC Once it is held that the revision lies then it is well settled that there will be no scope for entertaining writ petition. Accordingly this petition is being treated as a revision.

2. The Enforcement Inspector of the District Supply Office on 1-1-75 and 2-1-75 inspected the premises of the petitioner's Firm which held a licence under the Food Grain Dealers' Licensing Order 11-64. According to the Enforcement Inspector, the petitioner's Firm had stored goods in excess of the quantities shown in its stock register. The S.D.O. therefore, cancelled the petitioner Firm's licence and forfeited the security money of Rs. 500/- to the Government. The Firm preferred an appeal before the Collector, Sri Ganganagar. At the same time the S.D.O. referred the case to the Collector Sri Ganganagar for initiating proceedings for the confiscation of the food grains. The Collector after completion of the enquiry ordered the confiscation of the food grains referred to above under Section 6A of the Essential Commodities Act Being aggrieved, the petitioner's Firm went in appeal before the learned Sessions Judge, Sri Ganganagar who transferred the case to the Additional Sessions Judge. The appeal before the Additional Sessions Judge did not succeed and the same was dismissed by his order dated 2-3-76. It is against this order that I am called upon to decide this revision.

3. The revision can be disposed of on a very short point. The Collector while issuing show cause notice against confiscation of food grains has specified one ground viz., that the petitioner' Firm had stored the goods in excess of the quantities shown in the stock register. No further ground was specified so as to give notice of the allegation accusation to the petitioner's Firm. The courts below did not find an excess quantities of grains stored by the petitioner's Firm as alleged in the notice. Indeed, the quantities of food grains stored by the petitioner's. Firm were in conformity with the entries recorded in the stocks register Both the learned Collector and the Additional Sessions Judge, however evolved an entirely new case to the effect that the petitioner's Firm had stocked the food grains in a godown not specified in his licence. Needless to say that no prior notice of this charge was given to the petitioner's Firm. Much less the petitioner was afforded opportunity to put in its defence or explanation to this charge.

4. Learned Counsel for the petitioner strenuously contended that both the courts below have fallen in to grave error as they have confiscated the goods on the charge which was never levelled against the petitioner His contention is that the godown in regard to which exception has been taken in the orders of both the courts is in fact specified in the petitioner's licence and it appears that this fact, has escaped the notice of both the courts below. He has further urged that if the petitioner would have been given opportunity of putting in his defence or exploration and had been afforded opportunity of being heard he would have satisfied both the courts below that the godown in which food gains were found at Hanumangrah was the godown which already stood specified in the licence. In this connection my attention has been drawn to the certified copy of the licence which is on the record. In the licence, one godown at HMH has been specified in the licence which according to the petitioner clearly signifies that the godown is situated at Hanuman Garh Junction. This is a fact which needs to be investigated. In absence of any opportunity of being heard the petitioner has been seriously prejudiced as he was never afforded opportunity in regard to charge for which he has been punished. Both the orders of the Collector and the Addt. Sessions Judge, therefore, are invalid being in violation of the principles of natural justice.

5. I accordingly allow this revision petition and set aside the order of the Additional Sessions Judge as well as the order of the learned Collector and send the case back to the learned Collector and direct him to serve him the specific charge in respect of which he seeks to confiscate the food grains of the petitioner stocked in the godown situated at Hanuman Garh Junction and afford opportunity of being heard on this point and thereafter decide the matter afresh according to law.


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