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Queen Empress Vs. Sama Aiyar - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtChennai
Decided On
Reported in(1893)3MLJ227
AppellantQueen Empress
RespondentSama Aiyar
Excerpt:
- - 2. the sanction required under section 197, criminal procedure code, must be granted with reference to some specific offence with which the accused is charged in his capacity as a public servant and the intention of the legislature clearly was that the authority empowered to grant the sanction should take the responsibility of deciding there were reasonable grounds for prosecuting such public servant for 'such offence......but merely delegates to the collector the power of selecting, out of several, such charges as he thinks likely to stand investigation.4. the board has no legal power so to delegate its discretion, and irregularity in a sanction granted under section 197, criminal procedure code, is not cured by the provision of section 537.5. the omission to re-enact in section 197, the permission given in section 195 to grant a sanction in general terms - as also the exclusion of a sanction (irregularly) granted under section 197 from the operation of section 537 - point to a deliberate intention on the part of the legislature to throw upon the authority empowered to grant the sanction the duty of designating the offence for which leave to prosecute is given, and this duty cannot be delegated.6......
Judgment:

1. It is not now contested that the Board of Revenue is the authority that has been empowered by the Local Government to grant the requisite sanction under Section 197, Criminal Procedure Code, and we agree with the Acting Sessions Judge that the Resolution of the Board dated 24th August 1892 is not a legal sanction.

2. The sanction required under Section 197, Criminal Procedure Code, must be granted with reference to some specific offence with which the accused is charged in his capacity as a public servant and the intention of the legislature clearly was that the authority empowered to grant the sanction should take the responsibility of deciding there were reasonable grounds for prosecuting such public servant for 'such offence.'

3. In the Resolution of 24th August 1892 the Board does not sanction the prosecution of the accused for any offence designated by itself, but merely delegates to the Collector the power of selecting, out of several, such charges as he thinks likely to stand investigation.

4. The Board has no legal power so to delegate its discretion, and irregularity in a sanction granted under Section 197, Criminal Procedure Code, is not cured by the provision of Section 537.

5. The omission to re-enact in Section 197, the permission given in Section 195 to grant a sanction in general terms - as also the exclusion of a sanction (irregularly) granted under Section 197 from the operation of Section 537 - point to a deliberate intention on the part of the legislature to throw upon the authority empowered to grant the sanction the duty of designating the offence for which leave to prosecute is given, and this duty cannot be delegated.

6. On the ground that no legal sanction has been given, we must quash the commitment under Section 215, Criminal Procedure Code.

7. Ordered accordingly.


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