Skip to content


Ruckmani Ammal Vs. Veerasami Aiyangar and anr. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCivil
CourtChennai
Decided On
Reported in(1924)47MLJ370
AppellantRuckmani Ammal
RespondentVeerasami Aiyangar and anr.
Cases ReferredMalkarjun v. Narhari I.L.R.
Excerpt:
- - subbarama aiyar air1916mad528 as good law in regard to the facts of that case (cf. p......petitioner and his daughter seethai ammal, the present 2nd respondent, applied to be brought on as legal representatives. the district munsif found that ruckmani ammal was a minor, who had no right to apply in her own right, and dismissed her application. having done so he disposed of seethai animal's application by merely recording 'defendant (present ist respondent) has no objection. 'ruckmani ammal now applies to have both orders revised.2. i cannot hold that the district munsif acted irregularly in rejecting ruckmani ammal's application on the analogy of order 32, rule 2. he exercised a discretion allowed him by law, though i think he exercised that discretion very hastily. ca rattonbai v. chabildas lallo bhoy i.l.r. (1888) bom 7. but i cannot find that the district munsif was.....
Judgment:

Jackson, J.

1. In O.S. No. 420 of 1919 on the file of the Court of the District Munsif of Srirangam, the plaintiff Pichu Aiyar died. Both his widow, Ruckmani Animal, the present petitioner and his daughter Seethai Ammal, the present 2nd respondent, applied to be brought on as legal representatives. The District Munsif found that Ruckmani Ammal was a minor, who had no right to apply in her own right, and dismissed her application. Having done so he disposed of Seethai Animal's application by merely recording 'Defendant (present Ist respondent) has no objection. 'Ruckmani Ammal now applies to have both orders revised.

2. I cannot hold that the District Munsif acted irregularly in rejecting Ruckmani Ammal's application on the analogy of Order 32, Rule 2. He exercised a discretion allowed him by law, though I think he exercised that discretion very hastily. CA Rattonbai v. Chabildas Lallo Bhoy I.L.R. (1888) Bom 7. But I cannot find that the District Munsif was justified in adding Seethai Ammal as legal representative without determining the question on its merits after notice had gone to Ruckmani Ammal as she had raised the question. The mere fact that Ruckmani Ammai was discovered to be a minor was no reason for not considering her plea that she was the rightful representative. Here the analogy to be applied is that under Order 32, Rule 3. The respondents do not attempt to justify the action of the Court which indeed is quite opposed to the ordinary duties of a Court in regard to minors, so much as to show that the petitioner has no right to move this Court for revision. They contend that her remedy was by way of appeal against the order, or at any rate by way of suit after reaching her majority, and in any case her application for review has been unduly delayed.

3. There is no statutory right of appeal against an order under Order 32, Rule 3. ' The legislature has chosen not to give a right of appeal against orders under that rule. ' Lakshmi Achi v. Subbarama Aiyar : AIR1916Mad528 But respondents rely upon Ayya Mudali Velan v. Veerayee : (1920)39MLJ218 where it is held that an order rejecting the claim of a person to be the legal representative of a deceased plaintiff is appealable in cases where such orders have also the character of decrees. If it is to have this character, the order must conclusively determine the right of the parties in the suit, and it so happens that all the parties in Ayya Mudali Velan v. Veerayee : (1920)39MLJ218 happened to be parties, in the suit, the 2nd defendant was the person applying to be plaintiff's legal representative. In Lakshmi Achi v. Subbarama Aiyar : AIR1916Mad528 and in the present case the persons applying to be legal representatives were never parties to the suit and this application having been rejected, they could never have been regarded as such and it is clear from Ayya Mudali Velan v. Veerayee I.L.R. (1920) M 812 : 39 MLJ 218 itself that the learned Judges still regarded Lakshmi Achi v. Subbarama Aiyar : AIR1916Mad528 as good law in regard to the facts of that case (cf. p. 815). I therefore find that petitioner had no remedy by way of appeal, and is entitled to move for revision.

4. I do not think it necessary to drive petitioner to a fresh suit, nor do I think that her remedy lies that way....The lower Court having appointed a legal representative that appointment, unless it is set aside, is final, and binds the estate. 'If the Court decides wrong the wronged party can only take the course prescribed by law for setting matters right; and if that course is not taken the decision however wrong cannot be disturbed. ' Malkarjun v. Narhari I.L.R. (1900) Bom. 337 : 1900 10 MLJ 368 (PC).

5. I do not find that there has been inordinate delay. Petitioner first sought her remedy by way of review on grounds which were certainly not frivolous. Nor do I see any reason for holding that petitioner is still a minor, and even if she were, I. should not reject her petition on that account; there would only be a formal question of appointing a guardian ad litem. Accordingly I allow Civil Revision Petitions Nos. 401 and 402 with costs one set. I reverse the order of the lower Court and direct the District Munsif to determine the question whether Ruckmani Ammal or Seethai Ammal is or is not the legal representative of the deceased Pichu Aiyar and then proceed with the suit. Civil Revision Petitions Nos. 403 and 400 are dismissed with costs one set.


Save Judgments// Add Notes // Store Search Result sets // Organizer Client Files //