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Deputy Commissioner of Commercial Taxes, Madras Division Vs. National Engineering Company, Madras (P.) Ltd. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectSales Tax
CourtChennai High Court
Decided On
Case NumberTax Case No. 47 of 1963 (Revision No. 28)
Judge
Reported in[1965]16STC873(Mad)
AppellantDeputy Commissioner of Commercial Taxes, Madras Division
RespondentNational Engineering Company, Madras (P.) Ltd.
Appellant AdvocateG. Ramanujam, Adv. for the ;Government Pleader
Respondent AdvocateParty in person
DispositionPetition dismissed
Cases ReferredAbdul Quader & Co. v. Sales Tax Officer
Excerpt:
- - 5,698.38 by way of sales tax on a transaction which clearly amounted to an inter-state sale hit by the ban under the appropriate article of the indian constitution......22(3) of the madras general sales tax act, was not within the legislative competence of the state legislature. in the view of the supreme court, if a dealer has collected anything from a purchaser which is not authorised by the taxing law, that is a matter between him and the purchaser, and the purchaser may be entitled to recover the amount from the dealer; but unless the money so collected is due as tax, the state cannot by law make it recoverable simply because it has been wrongly collected by the dealer, nor can the state legislature under the guise of incidental or ancillary power, do indirectly what it cannot do directly. therefore apart from the question whether the assessee did in fact collect the amount by way of sales tax, it is clear that in accordance with the decision.....
Judgment:
ORDER

Ramakrishnan, J.

1. This revision is filed by the State against the order of the Sales Tax Appellate Tribunal in Tribunal Appeal No. 819 of 1961. In the view of the assessing authority, the assessee had collected a certain amount of Rs. 5,698.38 by way of sales tax on a transaction which clearly amounted to an inter-State sale hit by the ban under the appropriate article of the Indian Constitution. Nevertheless relying on Section 22(3) of the Madras General Sales Tax Act, 1959, the assessing authority directed the assessee to pay this amount to the Government. When the matter came up before the Tribunal, it examined the invoices issued in the case. There were two such invoices. They showed that on the first occasion the sale price was fixed for an amount which included sales tax but the second invoice fixed the sale price at a lesser figure. In the opinion of the Tribunal the assessee did not collect the amount by way of sales tax and therefore the department could not sustain this claim even assuming that Section 22(3) of the Act was intra vires the Legislature. But the learned Government Pleader fairly brings to our notice a decision of the Supreme Court reported in Abdul Quader & Co. v. Sales Tax Officer [1964] 15 S.T.C. 403 which laid down that Section 11(2) of the Hyderabad General Sales Tax Act, 1950, which is in part materia with Section 22(3) of the Madras General Sales Tax Act, was not within the legislative competence of the State Legislature. In the view of the Supreme Court, if a dealer has collected anything from a purchaser which is not authorised by the taxing law, that is a matter between him and the purchaser, and the purchaser may be entitled to recover the amount from the dealer; but unless the money so collected is due as tax, the State cannot by law make it recoverable simply because it has been wrongly collected by the dealer, nor can the State Legislature under the guise of incidental or ancillary power, do indirectly what it cannot do directly. Therefore apart from the question whether the assessee did in fact collect the amount by way of sales tax, it is clear that in accordance with the decision of the Supreme Court, the State Legislature has no power to enact that the amount collected by way of sales tax, when no sales tax is payable, should be paid over to the State Government.

2. We therefore reject the revision case. The respondent is not represented. There will be no order as to costs.


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