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Ramien Vs. Veerappudian and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCivil
CourtChennai
Decided On
Reported in(1912)22MLJ217
AppellantRamien
RespondentVeerappudian and ors.
Cases ReferredLakshmi v. Manidevi
Excerpt:
- 1. two points are argued in this second appeal. the first point is that as the district munsif presumed the genuineness of exhibit a the appellate court had no power in law to hold that it should not be presumed to be genuine and reject it. reliance is placed in support of this argument on section 4 of the evidence act, which lays 'down that when the court may presume a fact it may either do so or call for proof of it. the contention apparently is that the appellate court was bound either to hold exhibit a to be genuine until it was disposed or at least to call for proof. this argument entirely ignores the practice prevailing in the courts of this presidency in the trial of suits. when prima facie evidence of custody and of the date of a document purporting to be thirty years old is given.....
Judgment:

1. Two points are argued in this second appeal. The first point is that as the District Munsif presumed the genuineness of Exhibit A the appellate court had no power in law to hold that it should not be presumed to be genuine and reject it. Reliance is placed in support of this argument on Section 4 of the Evidence Act, which lays 'down that when the court may presume a fact it may either do so or call for proof of it. The contention apparently is that the appellate court was bound either to hold Exhibit A to be genuine until it was disposed or at least to call for proof. This argument entirely ignores the practice prevailing in the courts of this presidency in the trial of suits. When prima facie evidence of custody and of the date of a document purporting to be thirty years old is given the court generally re-marks the document on the footing that there is sufficient evidence to justify its being marked as an Exhibit at that stage. It is only subsequently that the opponent exercises -his right of adducing evidence of circumstances which entitle him to say that the presumption under Section 90 of the Evidence Act should not be drawn with respect to the document. And the court generally arrives at its conclusion or. the matter after the evidence on both sides has been given. It is not shown that in this case the District Munsif ever recorded a judicial opinion as to whether he would presume Exhibit A to be genuine before he wrote his judgment in the case. Nor is it urged that the plaintiff asked for a ruling as to whether the Munsif was prepared to presume the document to be genuine, or whether he would require it to be proved. It is, therefore, not correct to say that the plaintiff was prejudiced by any ruling on the part of the District Munsif or prevented from adducing all the evidence that he could to prove the document or to ask the court to presume its genuineness. There is no foundation for the argument that in such circumstances the appellate court has not got the same power to decide whether the document should be presumed to be genuine or not as the court of first instance has. The plaintiff could not require an opportunity of advancing further evidence unless he was prevented by anything done by the court from adducing all the evidence he could. The cases in Shafiq-un-nissa v. Shaban Alikhan I.L.R. (1904) A. 581 and Srinatha Patra v. Kuloda Prasad Banerjee (1905) 2 C.L.J. 592 cited for the appellant, do not give him any real support. In the former case the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council merely drew attention to the provisions of Section 90 and Section 4 of the Evidence Act and the second case goes no further. We are at opinion that there is no substance in this contention.

2. The second point urged is that as the final decree for redemption Was passed by the District Munsif before the appeal against the preliminary decree was presented in the District Court the appeal was not competent and that the defendant was entitled to appeal against the final decree, or at any rate the appeal against the final decree also. This question has been fully considered by this Court in Lakshmi v. Manidevi : (1911)21MLJ1063 where it was held that the right of a party to appeal against a preliminary decree is not affected by the subsequent passing of a final decree. A later decision of the Calcutta High Court has now been brought to our notice--Janki Nath Roy Chowdhry v. Promoth Nath Roy Chowdhry (1911) 15 C.W.N. 830. But this case does not carry the question further than the previous decisions already considered in the Madras case and we see no reason to depart from the view adopted in Lakshmi v. Manidevi : (1911)21MLJ1063 . This contention must be over-ruled.

3. In the result the second appeal is dismissed with costs.


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