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Commissioner of Income-tax, Tamil Nadu-v Vs. Bluemount Ceramics Ltd. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectDirect Taxation
CourtChennai High Court
Decided On
Case NumberTax Case No. 323 of 1976
Judge
Reported in(1980)18CTR(Mad)1; [1980]123ITR385(Mad)
ActsIncome Tax Act, 1961 - Sections 80J and 84; Income Tax Act, 1922 - Sections 15C
AppellantCommissioner of Income-tax, Tamil Nadu-v
RespondentBluemount Ceramics Ltd.
Appellant AdvocateJ. Jayaraman and ;Nalini Chidambaram, Advs.
Respondent AdvocateP.P.S. Janarthana Raja, Adv.
Excerpt:
- - 1,38,119 being the aggregate of the amounts deductible under section 80j relating to the assessment years 1969-70 to 1971-72, should be allowed for the assessment year 1972-73, even though the assessee had failed to furnish the relevant particulars in the respective assessment years ?' 2. the learned counsel for the revenue contended that s......of insulators for electrical industries. the production was commenced in the year 1968. for the assessment year 1972-73, the assessee filed a return disclosing an income of rs. 1,55,211. the assessee claimed relief under s. 80j amounting to rs. 1,38,190. the sum of rs. 1,38,190 was made up of rs. 48,783, relatable to the assessment year 1969-70, rs. 44,222, relatable to the assessment year 1970-71 and rs. 50,024, relatable to the assessment year 1971-72. the ito allowed a deduction of rs. 51,389 under s. 80j, relatable to assessment year 1972-73. section 80j relief claimed for the assessment years 1969-70, 1970-71 and 1971-72 was not allowed by the ito on the ground that the necessary particulars for claiming the relief under s. 80j were not furnished by the assessee and as s. 80j.....
Judgment:

Venugopal, J.

1. The assessee is private limited company carrying on business of manufacture and sale of insulators for electrical industries. The production was commenced in the year 1968. For the assessment year 1972-73, the assessee filed a return disclosing an income of Rs. 1,55,211. The assessee claimed relief under s. 80J amounting to Rs. 1,38,190. The sum of Rs. 1,38,190 was made up of Rs. 48,783, relatable to the assessment year 1969-70, Rs. 44,222, relatable to the assessment year 1970-71 and Rs. 50,024, relatable to the assessment year 1971-72. The ITO allowed a deduction of Rs. 51,389 under s. 80J, relatable to assessment year 1972-73. Section 80J relief claimed for the assessment years 1969-70, 1970-71 and 1971-72 was not allowed by the ITO on the ground that the necessary particulars for claiming the relief under s. 80J were not furnished by the assessee and as s. 80J relief had not been quantified for the assessment years 1969-70 to 1971-72, it cannot be allowed as a deduction for the assessment year 1972-73. Before the AAC, it was contended that it is not a statutory requirement that the relief under s. 80J should have been quantified in the relevant assessment years and the relief could be claimed in the year in which the assessee made the profit. This contention was rejected by the AAC. On further appeal to the Tribunal, it was held that s. 80J was intended to encourage the setting up of a new industrial enterprise and it should, therefore, be liberally construed and there is nothing in s. 80J(1) or (3) requiring that the assessee should get the quantum of deduction quantified in the relevant assessment years and there was no bar if such particulars were made available in the course of assessment proceeding of the year in which there was enough profit enabling the allowance of deduction for that year and for the earlier years. The Tribunal, on this finding, accepted the assessee's claim and directed the ITO to allow the relief after verifying the correctness of the details furnished by the assessee. On these facts and findings, the Tribunal under s. 256(1) referred the following question for opinion by this court :

'Whether, on the facts and in the circumstances of the case, the assessee's claim for deduction of Rs. 1,38,119 being the aggregate of the amounts deductible under section 80J relating to the assessment years 1969-70 to 1971-72, should be allowed for the assessment year 1972-73, even though the assessee had failed to furnish the relevant particulars in the respective assessment years ?'

2. The learned counsel for the revenue contended that s. 80J relief can be allowed in respect of profits and gains from newly established industrial undertaking only if the conditions specified under s. 80J(4) are fulfilled and whether there was compliance of those requirements under s. 80J(4) can be verified only with the necessary particulars furnished by the assessee for the initial year in which the new industrial undertaking had been set up and the general scheme of s. 80J is such that unless the requisite particulars for claiming the relief under s. 80J are furnished and quantified in the respective assessment years, the relief under s. 80J cannot be worked out. Section 34(1) provides that the deductions referred to in s. 32(1) or (1A) shall be allowed only if the prescribed particulars have been furnished and similarly the deduction referred to in s. 33 shall be allowed only if the particulars prescribed for the purpose of s. 32(1) have been furnished by the assessee. Unlike s. 34(1), there is no statutory obligation on the part of the assessee under s. 80J to furnish the necessary particulars for claiming relief under s. 80J in the initial year in which the industrial undertaking was set up. Section 80 provides that no loss which has not been determined in pursuance of a return filed under s. 139 shall be carried forward and set off under s. 72(1) or 73(2) or 74(1) or 74A(3). Unlike s. 80, there is no statutory requirements that unless there is determination of s. 80J relief, it cannot be carried forward in the subsequent assessment years. This identical question came to be considered in Addl. CIT v. Sheetalaya : [1979]117ITR658(All) . It was pointed out that there is no requirement in any part of s. 80J that the assessee must make a definite claim and the ITO must determine the amount of deduction before it can be carried forward in a case where, admittedly, the undertaking had suffered a loss which had been accepted while making the assessment. It was further pointed out that s. 80J is a provision intended to provide incentive to industry by means of relief from tax and provision is also made for carry forward for seven years, the deduction is permissible even in a case where the formality of making a claim has not been complied with by the assessee in the preceding assessment years where loss has been sustained and there was no profit or gain against which the deduction could be adjusted. In the present case, admittedly, there was no profit or gain against which s. 80J relief can be adjusted for the assessment years 1969-70, 1970-71 and 1971-72. So, the claim for s. 80J relief is admissible for the assessment year 1972-73, even though the assessee has not made the claim for s. 80J relief in the assessment years 1969-70 to 1971-72 when admittedly no profit or gain was derived from the new industrial undertaking. The Tribunal was hence justified in allowing the assessee's claim for deduction of Rs. 1,38,119 under s. 80J relating to assessment years 1969-70 to 1971-72 in the assessment year 1972-73, subject to verification of the details furnished by the assessee. The question referred to is answered in the affirmative and in favour of the assessee. The assessee is entitled to costs. Counsel's fee Rs. 500.


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