U.S. Supreme Court WHARTON v. LOWREY, 2 U.S. 364 (1796)
2 U.S. 364 (Dall.)
Circuit Court, Pennsylvania District
October Term, 1796
Bill in Equity. The Bill was filed in October 1793, to open an account, which had been settled and signed by the complainants, in April, 1781, touching the transactions
between the testator and the defendant, while commissaries in the American army, during the revolutionary war. The Bill charged the defendant (among other fraudulent practices) with making erasures in the complainant's books; and, also, set forth a number of specific errors and over-charges in the account. The defendant filed an answer to the Bill, in which he denied all fraud, canvassed and refuted the specification of errors and over-charges, and pleaded the statute of limitations.
Rawle and Lewis, having obtained a rule to shew cause, why the Bill should not be amended, by inserting, that the frauds charged had come to the complainant's knowledge within six years before the commencement of the suit, now moved to make the rule absolute; and cited 1 Har. Ch. 106. 3 P. Wm. 143.
Dallas, for the defendant, admitted that the allowance of amendments was discretionary with the Court; but, contended, that after a general answer to the allegations, and a denial of the frauds stated in the Bill, the complainant ought not to be indulged, without some other proof to support the charge of fraud, than his bare assertion. In the cases cited in 3 P. Wm. 143, there was no answer to the Bill, but merely a plea of the statute of limitations; and in the principal case, the Chancellor only ordered the defendant to answer, which the present defendant has already done. Twelve years have elapsed since the account was settled; and the fraud being denied on oath, and unsupported by an species of evidence, the complainant ought not to be permitted to harass the defendant, and procrastinate a decision.
By the Court: Considerations respecting the merits of the cause, ought not to weigh in the determination of the present question. The complainant could not foresee that the statute of limitations would be pleaded, and it is in order to bring before the Court an essential fact arising from that plea, that the amendment is proposed.
The rule made absolute.