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Peria Appuswami Naidu Vs. N. Krishnaswami Naidu and anr. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCivil
CourtChennai
Decided On
Reported inAIR1934Mad24; 147Ind.Cas.333; (1933)65MLJ793
AppellantPeria Appuswami Naidu
RespondentN. Krishnaswami Naidu and anr.
Cases ReferredAppunni Nair v. Isack Mackadan I.L.R.
Excerpt:
- - 435, which has very little bearing to the point before me, as all that was held there was that, when a surety applies for discharge from his bond under order 38, rule 3 and the defendant himself comes to oppose that petition and while doing so he is exempt under section 135 from arrest or detention, the surety has not satisfied the condition for his release, namely, that he should produce the defendant; i think the surety (respondent) satisfied the condition of his bond when admittedly in pursuance of the order of the district munsif the defendant was in fact produced in that court......of not very common occurrence, and it is whether, when a surety under order 38, rule 2 has given a bond to produce the defendant when called upon to produce him, he is under a legal liability to see that the defendant is so to say in an attachable condition, in other words, whether it is a breach of the bond if the defendant has previously applied for being adjudicated an insolvent and has obtained exemption from arrest from that court. both the lower courts have answered this question in the negative. the decree-holder, who is the appellant in this appeal, objects that he has authority in his favour and relies upon a. subratnania iyer v. abdul rahman a.i.r. 1923 rang. 98. the facts there were very similar because the surety did produce the defendant in that case but he had a protection.....
Judgment:

Krishnan Pandalai, J.

1. This appeal raises a question of not very common occurrence, and it is whether, when a surety under Order 38, Rule 2 has given a bond to produce the defendant when called upon to produce him, he is under a legal liability to see that the defendant is so to say in an attachable condition, in other words, whether it is a breach of the bond if the defendant has previously applied for being adjudicated an insolvent and has obtained exemption from arrest from that Court. Both the Lower Courts have answered this question in the negative. The decree-holder, who is the appellant in this appeal, objects that he has authority in his favour and relies upon A. Subratnania Iyer v. Abdul Rahman A.I.R. 1923 Rang. 98. The facts there were very similar because the surety did produce the defendant in that case but he had a protection order against being arrested. The learned Judge of the Rangoon High Court held that this was a breach of the surety's bond. He took the view that the object of producing the defendant is to satisfy the claim of the plaintiff and that therefore to produce a defendant, who could not be compelled to satisfy the decree-holder's claim, is not a real production at all as there could be no satisfaction of the decree or punishment of him (defendant) for not satisfying the decree because he (defendant) appeared under a protection order from the Insolvency Court. I regret that I cannot agree with this view. The bond was only to produce the defendant which was done. There was nothing said about the solvent condition of the defendant for which the surety was not responsible nor can such a condition be introduced into a bond limited by its terms to the production of the defendant.

2. Reference was made to Appunni Nair v. Isack Mackadan I.L.R. (1919) 43 Mad. 272 : 37 M.L.J. 435, which has very little bearing to the point before me, as all that was held there was that, when a surety applies for discharge from his bond under Order 38, Rule 3 and the defendant himself comes to oppose that petition and while doing so he is exempt under Section 135 from arrest or detention, the surety has not satisfied the condition for his release, namely, that he should produce the defendant; in other words, when the defendant himself comes to the Court to conduct his litigation, he is not produced by the surety. That has no bearing to this question. I think the surety (respondent) satisfied the condition of his bond when admittedly in pursuance of the order of the District Munsif the defendant was in fact produced in that Court. The appeal must be dismissed with costs.


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