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Edara Venkayya Pantulu Alias E.V. Pant and anr. Vs. Kalipattapu Chitti Surya Prakasamma and anr. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCivil
CourtChennai
Decided On
Reported inAIR1940Mad879; (1940)2MLJ328
AppellantEdara Venkayya Pantulu Alias E.V. Pant and anr.
RespondentKalipattapu Chitti Surya Prakasamma and anr.
Excerpt:
- - 332. at page 334 there are certain observations which show that the learned judge disapproved conduct of this kind, that is, the filing of a civil suit for damages after a criminal prosecution, though the law grants both remedies to the wronged person. 1,500 and no attempt has been made to show that these reasons are not well founded beyond relying on the decision in mar sein tin v......is reasonable. it may be mentioned in this connection that before the suit was filed there was a criminal prosecution at the instance of the father of the plaintiff which resulted in the conviction of all the defendants which was upheld in the high court on revision. it is argued that the very fact that there had been, a criminal prosecution and a conviction obtained before the civil suit was launched is itself a reason for reducing the amount of damages, and reliance has been placed on the decision in ma sein tin v. u kyaw maung a.i.r. 1936 rang. 332. at page 334 there are certain observations which show that the learned judge disapproved conduct of this kind, that is, the filing of a civil suit for damages after a criminal prosecution, though the law grants both remedies to the.....
Judgment:

Pandrang Row, J.

1. [After dealing with the facts his Lordship continued.]

2. The defamation having been established beyond doubt it only remains to consider whether the amount of damages awarded by the Court below is reasonable. It may be mentioned in this connection that before the suit was filed there was a criminal prosecution at the instance of the father of the plaintiff which resulted in the conviction of all the defendants which was upheld in the High Court on revision. It is argued that the very fact that there had been, a criminal prosecution and a conviction obtained before the civil suit was launched is itself a reason for reducing the amount of damages, and reliance has been placed on the decision in Ma Sein Tin v. U Kyaw Maung A.I.R. 1936 Rang. 332. At page 334 there are certain observations which show that the learned Judge disapproved conduct of this kind, that is, the filing of a civil suit for damages after a criminal prosecution, though the law grants both remedies to the wronged person. We are not prepared to accept this view, namely, that where the law permits two remedies a party who avails himself of one remedy after another should not get, so to say, as much compensation as he would otherwise get. What the law allows must be awarded by the Courts which administer the law. The remedies are moreover different. The law gives a party both remedies and it is not right in our opinion to take away so to speak by a judicial decision what the law gives in cases of this kind. The amount awarded by the Court below is Rs. 1,500 whereas the amount claimed is Rs. 5,250. The learned Judge who tried the case has given reasons for assessing the damages at Rs. 1,500 and no attempt has been made to show that these reasons are not well founded beyond relying on the decision in Mar Sein Tin v. U Kyaw Maung A.I.R. 1936 Rang. 332. In a case of this kind it is not possible for the Court to assess the damages at an exact figure giving absolutely convincing reasons for so doing. This observation is made necessary by the fact that an attempt was made to argue that the lower Court should have allowed only proportionate costs in view of the fact that only Rs. 1,500 was decreed in respect of a claim of Rs. 5,250. Parties cannot be expected to assess the damages in an exact manner. Especially in a case of this kind where loss of reputation is suffered in respect of the virginity or purity I.L.R.(1928) All. 509, where in appeal full costs were given though the amount decreed was only Rs. 200 in respect of a claim for Rs. 5,100. Another reason is that we ourselves should have been prepared to enhance the amount of damages but for the fact that the memoranda of cross-objections in which an extra amount of Rs. 1,000 was claimed by the plaintiff-respondent was not pressed before us by her advocate. We therefore see no reason to interfere with the order regarding costs made by the lower Court.

3. The appeal is accordingly dismissed with costs of the plaintiff-respondent. The memorandum of objections not being pressed is also dismissed but without costs.


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