Panchapakesa Ayyar, J.
1. These are all petitions filed by the Coimbatore Cotton Mills Ltd., Singanallur, for re-vising and setting aside the orders of the Additional Commissioner for Workmen's Compensation, dated 16-10-1954, directing the Mills to refund the wage for eight days deducted from the wages of the nine respondents herein, under Section 9 of the Payment of Wages Act, 1936, for taking part in an illegal strike on the 17th and 18th December 1952, besides paying them compensation of Re. 1 each and costs of annas each. The Additional Commissioner passed such orders on the ground that the requirements of Rule 16(c) of the rules framed under the Act had not been complied with, and because the proviso there to would not apply to these cases. So, the only point for consideration is whether he is right to such a construction.
2. Mr. Raja Aiyar, learned counsel for the petitioner in these nine civil revision petitions, urged that, under the proviso to Rule 16(c), the names of the persons from whose wages deduction is pro-posed to he made need not be given, when the deduction is proposed to be made from all the persons employed in any department or section of the factory, and it would be sufficient to specify the department or section affected. That is so. ' But, unfortunately for this contention, all the persons employed in the mill in question were not made subject to the deduction of the 8 days wages, as pointed out by the learned counsel for the workers.
The notice put up by the mills stated that deductions would he made of 8 days' wages from the wages of all the workers who had gone on strike on the 17th and 18th December 1952, but that those workers, who were on leave, or had fully attended to work on those two days, would not have the wages cut like that. It is fairly conceded by Mr. Rajah Aiyar tha the deduction was not proposed to be made from all the persons employed in the mill or in any department or section thereof. The proviso, in my opinion, must be strictly construed, as it is a restrictive proviso to a provision, affording a safeguard to workers from a penal or punitive section. When it was intended by the mills to makethe deduction of 8 days' wages only from some of workers of the mills, it was incumbent on the part of the mills to give the names of those workers individually and to display such names at the main entrance to the mills.
It will be also noticed, as urged by the learnedcounsel for the workers, that the names of those who were on leave or who had attended the mills and worked fully or, the 17th and 18th December 1952,the days of the illegal strike, and whose-wageswould not be cut, were not also given and all theremaining workers notified as fined, though eventhat would not do. There is no doubt, therefore, inmy mind that the learned Additional Commissionerwas right in passing his orders. All these nine civilrevision petitions deserve to be and are hereby dismissed with costs. (Advocate's fees only one set).