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Tummala Nagabhushanam Vs. Sri Rajah Venkatadri Appa Row Bahadur Zemindar Garu Being Minor, Represented by the Collector of Kistna - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectProperty;Civil
CourtChennai
Decided On
Reported in17Ind.Cas.226; (1912)23MLJ255
AppellantTummala Nagabhushanam
RespondentSri Rajah Venkatadri Appa Row Bahadur Zemindar Garu Being Minor, Represented by the Collector of Kis
Cases ReferredPhillips v. Homfray
Excerpt:
- .....be maintained against the representatives of a deceased person for any wrong committed by him in his life time for which he would have been subject to an action but as pointed out in hari rao ramdas v. ramdas mathuradas i.l.r. (1889) b. 677 which has been followed in ramchoda das v. rukhmanibhoy i.l.r. (1905) m. 487 section 2 of that act which provides that no action commenced under the provisions of this act shall abate by reason of the death of either party has no application to a suit which was instituted against the wrongdoer himself in his life time as such an action could not be said to have been commenced under the provisions of the act. such suits are still governed by the rule enunciated in phillips v. homfray (1883) 24 ch. d. 439.2.the appeal is therefore dismissed with.....
Judgment:

1. When the allegations in the plaint are carefully considered, the suit must in substance be regarded, as held by the District Judge to be one for recovery of damages for distraint illegally levied by the deceased Zemindar, the original 1st defendant on certain moveables belonging to the plaintiff, some of which either perished or deteriorated owing to the negligence of the Zemindar's servants while the rest was misappropriated by those servants. It cannot be regarded as a suit for recovery of specific moveables appropriated by the original 1st defendant or their value. The nature of the action being such as we have stated the maxim actio personalis moritor cumpersona would apply in the absence of any statutory provisions to the contrary. The scope of this doctrine is thus stated by Bowen L.J. in Phillips v. Homfray (1883) 24 Ch. D. 439 'the only cases in which, apart from question of breach of contract, express or irriplied, a remedy for a wrongful act can be pursued against the estate of a deceased who has done the act appear to us to be those in which the property or the proceeds or the value of property belonging to another have been appropriated by the deceased psrson and added to his own estate or moneys.' In India no doubt this rule of common law has been to some extent modified by Act XII of 1855 which enacts that an action may be maintained against the representatives of a deceased person for any wrong committed by him in his life time for which he would have been subject to an action but as pointed out in Hari Rao Ramdas v. Ramdas Mathuradas I.L.R. (1889) B. 677 which has been followed in Ramchoda Das v. Rukhmanibhoy I.L.R. (1905) M. 487 Section 2 of that Act which provides that no action commenced under the provisions of this Act shall abate by reason of the death of either party has no application to a suit which was instituted against the wrongdoer himself in his life time as such an action could not be said to have been commenced under the provisions of the Act. Such suits are still governed by the rule enunciated in Phillips v. Homfray (1883) 24 Ch. D. 439.

2.The appeal is therefore dismissed with costs.


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