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Koyittal Parambil Parkum Chirathodi Vazha Valappil Cheeru and ors. Vs. Attimana Illoth Narayanan Nambudiri and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectTrusts and Societies
CourtChennai
Decided On
Reported in(1919)36MLJ295
AppellantKoyittal Parambil Parkum Chirathodi Vazha Valappil Cheeru and ors.
RespondentAttimana Illoth Narayanan Nambudiri and ors.
Cases ReferredWilkinson v. Malin (sic
Excerpt:
- - we do not think that we should be warranted in extending the principle to a case like the present where only on out of two trustees has exercised an act which ought to be done by both the trustees jointly......but it is pointed out that the suit ought not to have been dismissed altogether and that the plaintiffs should have a charge for the amount actually advanced by him as it went to discharge a liability on some of the trust properties including the property in the suit. we think there is force in this contention and we therefore modify the decree of the lower court by declaring a charge on the property in suit for the amount of rs. 418-14-0. the appellant will bear the costs of this appeal.
Judgment:

1. The learned District judge has found that one of the co-uralas did not give his consent to the grant of the kanam in question. But it is argued that nevertheless the act of one trustee, if he has consulted the other trustee as to the grant of a mortgage or any similar transaction and that trustee wrongly refused to join in the act, was valid. There is no express authority dealing with the case of two trustees, though there are a number of cases in which it has been held that where there are a number of trustees the act of the majority will be binding and valid if they had given a proper opportunity to the other trustees to consider the advisability of the act in question. But those decisions are based on the principle that unless the act of the majority was upheld in many cases the trust estate would suffer. In the case of two trustees however this principle will not apply because there is no majority. That is what is practically indicated in Savitri Antarajanam v. Raman Nambudri I.L.R. (1900) M. 269 The decision in Wilkinson v. Malin (sic) 2 C. &J.; 63 which is the leading case on the subject bases it on the principle that the majority should have approved of the act. We do not think that we should be warranted in extending the principle to a case like the present where only on out of two trustees has exercised an act which ought to be done by both the trustees jointly.

2. But it is pointed out that the suit ought not to have been dismissed altogether and that the plaintiffs should have a charge for the amount actually advanced by him as it went to discharge a liability on some of the trust properties including the property in the suit. We think there is force in this contention and we therefore modify the decree of the lower court by declaring a charge on the property in suit for the amount of Rs. 418-14-0. The appellant will bear the costs of this appeal.


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