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S. Tiruvenkatachariar Vs. Venkatachariar and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectProperty;Contract
CourtChennai
Decided On
Reported inAIR1914Mad634; (1914)26MLJ218
AppellantS. Tiruvenkatachariar
RespondentVenkatachariar and ors.
Cases ReferredHimmat Lal Moti Lal v. Vasudev Ganesh I.L.R.
Excerpt:
- - 2. lastly, the district judge is clearly wrong in saying that, even after his findings in favour of the 3rd defendant, he need not go into the questions involved in issues 8 and 9 and that the plaintiff should be relegated to another suit to obtain the reliefs he would be entitled to as against the 2nd defendant when the plaintiff failed as against the 3rd defendant......the 3rd defendant's purchase from the 2nd defendant was made with notice of the prior contract to sell alleged to have been made with the plaintiff by defendants nos. 1 and 2,lay on the plaintiff. the case of himmat lal moti lal v. vasudev ganesh i.l.r. (1912) b. 446 decides that the burden of proving (a) that the subsequent purchaser paid valuable consideration (b) that he acted bona fide and (c) that he had no notice lies on that purchaser, assuming, of course, that the plaintiff has established the prior agreement to sell, alleged in his plaint. further the district judge has not at all considered several circumstances mentioned by the munsif as pointing to mala fides on the defendant's part; see paras 31 to 33 of the munsif's judgment.2. lastly, the district judge is clearly wrong.....
Judgment:

1. The learned District Judge in considering the evidence in the case has proceeded upon the ground that the burden of proving that the 3rd defendant's purchase from the 2nd defendant was made with notice of the prior contract to sell alleged to have been made with the plaintiff by defendants Nos. 1 and 2,lay on the plaintiff. The case of Himmat Lal Moti Lal v. Vasudev Ganesh I.L.R. (1912) B. 446 decides that the burden of proving (a) that the subsequent purchaser paid valuable consideration (b) that he acted bona fide and (c) that he had no notice lies on that purchaser, assuming, of course, that the plaintiff has established the prior agreement to sell, alleged in his plaint. Further the District Judge has not at all considered several circumstances mentioned by the Munsif as pointing to mala fides on the defendant's part; see paras 31 to 33 of the Munsif's judgment.

2. Lastly, the District Judge is clearly wrong in saying that, even after his findings in favour of the 3rd defendant, he need not go into the questions involved in issues 8 and 9 and that the plaintiff should be relegated to another suit to obtain the reliefs he would be entitled to as against the 2nd defendant when the plaintiff failed as against the 3rd defendant. It is also unsatisfactory that the District Judge has not given a finding on the question whether there was really a contract to sell made between the plaintiff and defendants Nos. 1 and 2, and whether a sale-deed was executed by defendants Nos. 1 and 2 in 1905 (see paragraph 2 of the District Judge's judgment where he says ' assuming the sale alleged by the plaintiff in his favour to have been really executed.')

3. We reverse the judgment of the District Judge as unsatisfactory on all points and remand the case to the District Court to decide the appeal de novo. The District Court is requested to give definite findings on all the issues in the case when deciding the appeal and also on the question as to the approximate value of the plaint property at the time of the plaintiff's sale deed and the 3rd defendant's sale-deeds, the payments alleged by the 3rd defendant to have been made towards the purchase money of Rs. 1250, whether Rs. 1250 was a real or a fictitious price and so on. Costs of this second appeal will be costs in the cause. Defendants Nos. 1 and 2 having both died if the 2nd defendant's son raises any question as to his liability to fulfil the obligations of the father the District Court will go into and decide such questions also.


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