1. The petitioner, an erstwhile director of a private limited company by name The Coonoor Talkies (Pvt.) Ltd., prays for a rule forbidding the respondents from attaching his personal properties for recovery of penalty levied on the company for non-payment of tax due for the years 1959-60 and 1960-61. On 10-1-1962, he filed a declaration of solvency with the Registrar of Companies and on 19-1-1962, there was a resolution of the company for going into voluntary liquidation. In regard to that matter correspondence followed between the Registrar of Companies and the petitioner which does not appear to be relevant to the present petition. On 27-11-1962, there was an order levying penalty. On a certificate issued by the Income-tax Officer, the first respondent has taken recovery proceedings.
2. Two points for the petitioner are urged. One of them is that he has not been negligent or guilty of misfeasance or breach of duty in relation to the affairs of the company and therefore he could not be personally proceeded against for recovery of the penalty. The petitioner adds that he has been given no opportunity to show that he is not liable under Section 179 of the Income-tax Act 1961. It is not disputed that during the accounting years the petitioner was one of the directors. If that be so, Section 179 of the Income-tax Act makes every person, who was a director of the private company at anytime during the relevant previous years. Jointly and severally liable for payment of tax and this liability attaches notwithstanding anything contained in the Companies Act of 1956. Nowhere before filing the writ petition had the petitioner stated that he was not negligent or was not guilty of misfeasance or breach of duty in relation to the affairs of the company. Quite apart from that, in a petition addressed to the Commissioner of Income-tax not to proceed with recovery he admitted his joint and several liability, but only pleaded that all the share-holders of the company should be made responsible and not himself alone. Even before us there is no proof that he has not been grossly negligent or has not been guilty of misfeasance or breach of duty. We are therefore, of opinion that under Section 179 the liability to pay the penalty clearly attached to the petitioner. It follows the certificate for recovery proceedings was properly issued.
3. The second point of the petitioner is based on Rule 2 of Part I in the Second Schedule to the Income-tax Act. That rule requires that a notice shall issue from the Recovery Officer calling upon the defaulter to pay the amount specified in the certificate within fifteen days from the date of the service and intimating that in default, steps would be taken to realise the amount due. It is not in dispute that the first respondent, who is the Recovery Officer, issued no such notice to the petitioner. The contention for the petitioner is that this rule is mandatory and failure to comply with it will vitiate the entire recovery proceedings. We would have been inclined to accept this contention had it not been for the fact that the petitioner came to have knowledge of the recovery proceedings. He wrote to the first respondent a detailed letter explaining the circumstances why he would request him not to proceed with recovery. Rule 2 referred to above is more or less in pari materia with Rule 22, of Order XXI, C.P. Code where an application for execution is made more than two years after the date of the decree. The cases decided under Rule 22 are to the effect that the object of the rule is but to give the judgment-debtor an opportunity to show cause why execution should not proceed, but if the judgment-debtor is aware of the proceedings, the Court has jurisdiction to hold the same and that a fortiori if he appears in the proceedings, he cannot later raise the objection that they are bad for want of notice. As we mentioned, the petitioner is clearly aware of the recovery proceedings sand in fact participated in them by making a request to the first respondent, for the reasons stated by him not to proceed with recovery. The principle of those cases should equally apply in our opinion to recovery proceedings under Part I of the Second Schedule to the Income-tax Act, and in particular to Rule 2 therein. It is argued for the petitioner that there is a difference, because Rule 22 of Order XXI, C. P. Code relates to the judgment-debtor.
But this difference to distinguish the decision under Rule 22 of Order XXI is without substance because Section 179 of the Income-tax Act makes the petitioner jointly and severally liable to the tax in arrears from the company.
4. The petition is dismissed. No costs.