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Swaminatha Pillai Vs. Krishna Iyer and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCivil;Property
CourtChennai
Decided On
Reported in(1915)28MLJ484
AppellantSwaminatha Pillai
RespondentKrishna Iyer and ors.
Cases ReferredHanumantayyan v. Meenakshi Naidu I.L.R.
Excerpt:
- .....has been disallowed by the lower courts.2. it is argued before us in second appeal that though the entire mortgage debt has been discharged, as only rs. 300 a portion of the mortgage debt was paid out of the money advanced by the plaintiff, and the balance rs. 50 was paid by the mortgagor himself, he cannot claim a first charge to that extent. it is contended that it is only when the person claiming subrogation discharges the entire debt that he is so entitled. reliance is placed in support of this contention on the cases reported in hanumantha aiyan v. meenakshi naidu i.l.r. (1910) m. 183, and gurudeo singh v. chandrikah singh and chandrikah singh v. rashbehary singh i.l.r. (1907) c. 193.3. it appears to us that this contention cannot be supported and the question is concluded by.....
Judgment:

1. The plaintiff sues to recover the money due under a mortgage instrument executed by the 1st defendant in 1905. The amount was advanced to discharge a mortgage debt of Rs. 400 due to one Sivan Sivasami under a mortgage dated November 1901. The finding is that the mortgagor discharged that mortgage by paying the creditor Rs. 300 out of the amount received from the plaintiff and by the execution of a promissory note for Rs. 50 the balance Rs. 50 having been given up by the mortgagee. The appellant claims under a. mortgage dated October 1903 and contends that the plaintiff is not entitled to any priority on account of his discharge of the prior mortgage. His contention has been disallowed by the lower Courts.

2. It is argued before us in second appeal that though the entire mortgage debt has been discharged, as only Rs. 300 a portion of the mortgage debt was paid out of the money advanced by the plaintiff, and the balance Rs. 50 was paid by the mortgagor himself, he cannot claim a first charge to that extent. It is contended that it is only when the person claiming subrogation discharges the entire debt that he is so entitled. Reliance is placed in support of this contention on the cases reported in Hanumantha Aiyan v. Meenakshi Naidu I.L.R. (1910) M. 183, and Gurudeo Singh v. Chandrikah Singh and Chandrikah Singh v. Rashbehary Singh I.L.R. (1907) C. 193.

3. It appears to us that this contention cannot be supported and the question is concluded by authority. In Rupabai v. Audimoolam I.L.R. (1887) M. 345 the debt due to one Meenakshi Naik the first mortgagee under a hypothecation deed (Exhibit VII) was discharged to the extent of Rs. 27,713 by the 4th defendant in that suit and the balance which came to over a lac of rupees by the mortgagor himself, and it was argued that the 4th defendant had not therefore acquired any priority over an intermediate mortgagee. The learned Judges pointed out that if the whole amount lent by the 4th defendant has been applied to pay off the entire debt due under Exhibit VII he would have priority of that charge to the full amount. Then they, said ' But only Rs. 27,713 was so applied, and the question is does that fact prevent the application of the rule above stated', and they replied ' We do not think it does '. They pointed out that the hypothecation under Exhibit VII i.e., the whole charge, was released and the mortgagee after that has no hypothecation on the villages. The case according to them was therefore governed by the Privy Council Judgment in Gokal Das v. Puranmal and the defendant No. 5 in that case who had paid a part of the amount of the first charge ranked to that extent and interest in the priority of that first charge.

4. The decision is thus directly in point and is not overruled by Hanumantayyan v. Meenakshi Naidu I.L.R. (1910) M. 183. We see no reason to doubt its soundness. We accordingly dismiss the second appeal with costs.


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