1. This is a Civil Revision Petition presented by the Cuddalore Municipal Council against the judgment of the District Munsif of Chidambaram in S.C. S. No. 333 of 1925 on his file. The plaintiff in that suit, Mr. M. C. Krishnan Nambiar, is a District Munsif, and during the first half of the year- 1923-1924 he successively resided and held appointments for more than sixty days within two Municipalities--those of Cuddalore and Chidambaram. Although he had thus rendered himself liable to pay profession tax to the Cuddalore Municipality, no demand was made upon him until several months after he had left, and after a similar demand had been made upon him in Chidambaram. Eventually he paid the tax demanded of him by the latter Municipality, and later again the Cuddalore Municipality compelled him to satisfy its own demand. He thus paid profession tax twice over. In the suit in which he made both Municipalities defendants, the lower Court has decreed the refund to him by the Cuddalore Municipality of Rs. 13-2-0, being equal to the amount of the payment made to the Chidambaram Municipality. The full tax payable to the Cuddalore Municipality was a little more than Rs. 15-5-0 and he was found liable for the difference.
2. The point for decision thus is whether if a person who becomes successively liable in a single half-year to pay profession tax in two Municipalities pays it in the second, he acquires exemption from liability to pay it in the first. The answer depends upon the construction of Sub-section (3) of Section 93 of the Madras District Municipalities Act (V of 1920) which runs as follows:
No person who shall prove that he has paid the sum due on account of the profession tax levied under this Act, or under the Madras City Municipal Act, 1919, or to any tax of the nature of a profession tax imposed under the Indian Cantonments Act, 1910, for the same half-year in any other Municipality or Cantonment in the Madras Presidency shall be liable by reason merely of change of business, appointment, residence, or place of business to pay to any Municipal Council more than the difference between such sum and the amount to which he is otherwise liable for the profession tax for the half year under this Act.
3. This provision is followed by three illustrations, the first two of which refer to the ordinary case where a person, having paid tax in the first Municipality, is exempt, up to the sum so paid from paying again in a second. The third illustration is upon a different point. But although the more common application of the sub-section may be to cases of this nature, we are in agreement with the learned District Munsif that its items are wide enough to cover the converse case illustrated by the facts now under consideration. Applied to those facts, what the sub-section says is that no person who shall prove that he has paid the sum due on account of profession tax for the same half-year in the Chidambaram Municipality shall be liable by reason merely of change of business, appointment, residence, etc., to pay to the Cuddalore Municipality more than the difference, if any, between the Cuddalore tax and the Chidambaram tax; and it makes no difference, in our view, whether the assessee resided and held his appointment first in the one Municipality or first in the other. The phrase 'by reason merely of change of business, appointment, residence, or place of business' applies equally to either case. Had the intention been, as contended by the petitioner, to restrict exemption from payment to tax payable in the second Municipality by virtue of payment made in the first, there would have been no difficulty in so wording in the provision. The intention seems rather to be that in no circumstances where a transfer of residence and occupation has taken place shall a person have to pay the tax twice over. We are not concerned with the propriety of this rule once it is clear that it is correct law. But it has at least the merits of encouraging promptitude and vigilance on the part of a Municipal collecting agency and of protecting an assessee against delayed claims.
4. An attempt has been made to base a further point--that a suit of this nature does not lie--upon the terms of Rule 28 of Schedule IV of the Act. That rule, which says that
the assessment or demand of any tax, when no appeal is made, as hereinbefore provided, and the adjudication of an appeal by the Council shall be final,
clearly has reference to an assessment or demand which the Municipality was empowered by the Act to make.
5. Under Sub-section (2) of Section 354 a suit against a Municipality to recover money is only barred if the provisions of the Act have been in substance and effect complied with ; and this condition was not fulfilled in the present case. We accordingly dismiss the Civil Revision Petition with costs (one set).