[After dealing with the case on the merits and revoking the sanction of the ground that the petitioner had not made any contradictory statements, their Lordships proceeded as follows : Ed.]
1. A preliminary objection was raised by Mr. K. Ramanatha Shenoi that this Bench, sitting on the appellate side of the court, has no power to hear this appeal. The appeal is preferred under Section 195 of the Criminal Procedure Code. Clause 7(c) of that section provides 'where no appeal lies, such court (i.e., the court granting the sanction) shall be deemed to subordinate to the principal court of original jurisdiction within the local limits of whose juridiction such first mentioned court is situate.' According to this clause, an appeal against an order of the Small Cause Court granting sanction would lie to the High Court because the High Court is the principal civil court of original jurisdiction within whose jurisdiction the Presidency Court of Small Causes is situate. Mr. Ramanatha Shenoi contends that the court to which the appeal lies is the original side of the High Court. This argument is based on the assumption that the original side of the High Court is a different court from the appellate side. This, in out opinion, is quite fallacious. The court is one, but it exercises both original and appellate jurisdictions. In interpreting Section 591 of the repealed Code of Civil Procedure (Act XIV of 1882) which lays down that no appeals shall lie from appellate orders passed under Section 588, it has been pointed out by this Court that the section would not apply to orders passed tinder Section 588 by a judge of this court, because Section 591 deals with appeals from one court to another, while the High Court is one Court by whomsoever the jurisdiction of the court may be exercised, whether by a single judge or by a Bench of more than one judge. [See 9 M. 447, 20 M. 152 and 20 M. 407 - ED.] We, therefore, are of opinion that there is no foundation for the argument that he appeal lies to one particular branch of this court.
2. It is next contended that as the appeal lies to the High Court as the principal civil court of original jurisdiction we as a Bench constituted to exercise appellate jurisdiction have no power to hear the case. In our opinion the effect of Clause 7(c), Section 195, Criminal Procedure Code, is merely to designate the court to which an appeal lies under that clause and not to describe the nature of the jurisdiction which it exercises in dealing with the orders of the Small Cause Court. Its effect is only to make the High Court the appellate tribunal. When the High Court deals with a sanction granted by the Small Cause Court, does it exercise original or appellate jurisdiction? As we understand the matter, when one court deals with a judgment of another court having power to confirm or to set it aside, the jurisdiction it exercises is appellate jurisdiction. Original jurisdiction is the jurisdiction in original proceedings, i.e., proceedings instituted in the court, whether suits, petitions or any other proceedings. We cannot agree that, in deciding whether we should revoke the order of the Presidency Small Cause Court granting sanction against the appellant or refuse to do so, we are exercising any original jurisdiction though we are acting as the High Court which under Clause 7(c) of the section is invested with the power of dealing with cases of sanction granted or refused by the Presidency Small Cause Court. Being of opinion that the power of this Court to deal with a sanction granted by another court comes within the purview of its appellate and not original jurisdiction, we hold that we have the power to hear and dispose of the appeal and disallow the preliminary objection. The view we have taken is in accordance with the judgment of Pugh J. of the Calcutta High Court in Sew Bollock Singh v. Ramdin Bania (1911) 14 C.W.N. 806 where the learned Judges point out that the High Court acts hi the exercise of revisional jurisdiction in dealing with cases under Section 195, Criminal Procedure Code.