Sundaram Chetty, J.
1. This second appeal arises out of a memorandum of cross-objections filed by the present appellant in A.S. No. 169 of 1926 on the file of the District Court of Chittoor. This memorandum of objections was dismissed by the learned District Judge without hearing it on the merits, because the appeal itself was rejected for non-payment of deficient court-fee which the appellants were directed to pay under an order of Court. It is now contended on behalf of the appellant, that the lower Court was wrong in not hearing the memorandum of objections in spite of the rejection or dismissal of the appeal. The general rule is that the memorandum of objections has to be heard, when the appeal itself is heard and decided on the merits. Before the passing of the Code of Civil Procedure of 1908, there was no express provision as to whether a memorandum of objections could be heard or not when the appeal itself was withdrawn or allowed to be dismissed by the appellant for non-prosecution. Under Order 41, Rule 22, Clause (4) of the present Code, provision is made for the hearing of the memorandum of objections even when the original appeal is withdrawn or dismissed for default. In the present case, the original appeal cannot be deemed to have been withdrawn. But the question is, whether it should be deemed to have been dismissed for default within the, meaning of the aforesaid rule.
2. It is argued on behalf of the appellant, that the word 'default' does not can note simply default in appearance, but it is comprehensive enough to include other kinds of default, such as non-prosecution of the appeal. Order 41, Rule 18, contemplates the dismissal of an appeal on account of failure of the appellant to pay the requisite charges for service of notice on the respondent. That is one kind of default for which an appeal may be dismissed. Rule 10, Order 4, provides for the rejection of an appeal if security for costs demanded by the Court is not furnished by the appellant within the time fixed. That is another kind of default which entails the dismissal of the appeal. The decision of the Patna High Court reported in Mowar Sheobaksh Singh v. Mowar Thakur Deyal 1919 4 Pat. L.T. 164 is a direct authority for holding that the rejection of an appeal for failure to furnish security for costs under Rule 10, Order 41, amounts to a dismissal for default within the meaning of Rule 22, Clause (4) of the same order. In such a case, it has been held that the respondent is entitled to have his memorandum of objections heard. Though there is no direct authority, it seems to me clear that the dismissal of an appeal for non-payment of the necessary process fees for service of notice on the respondent would be a dismissal for default within the meaning of Rule 22, Clause (4). There is also an observation by Phillips, J., in Shunmughasundaram Mudaliar v. Ratnavelu Mudaliar : AIR1929Mad478 , that dismissal for default contemplated in Rule 22, Clause (4), is dismissal for default of prosecution. The point arising for decision in this case, is, whether the non-payment of deficit court-fee by the appellant in spite of the express order of the Court directing him to pay would be default within the meaning of Rule 22, Clause (4). In this connexion the wording of Order 17, Rule 3, may also be taken into consideration.
3. The non-performance of any act necessary to the further progress of the suit would be a default which would entail the dismissal of the suit. If it be so, the non-payment of the deficit court-fee which is a necessary step for the further progress of the appeal could well nigh be deemed to be default for which an appeal could be dismissed or rejected. That being so, there is good ground for holding that the rejection of dismissal of the appeal in the present case would be a dismissal for default within the meaning of Rule 22, Clause (4), Order 41, Civil P.C. There is a decision of a single Judge of the Punjab Chief Court reported in Dunichand v. Azizkhan  11 P.R. 1912, in which it has been held that in a case of this kind the memorandum of objections cannot be heard and determined. Beyond referring to Order 41, Rule 22, Clause (4), as laying down two exceptions to the general rule, the learned Judge has not discussed the meaning and import of the word ' default ' in that rule. No reasons appear to have been given for holding that default in the payment of deficit court-fee would not come within the meaning of the expression ''default' in that rule. The other rulings referred to above would at least indicate that the word ' default ' cannot be restricted to default in appearance, but would also cover other kinds of default. It seems to me that a reasonable construction of the word de fault ' occurring in that rule would include any default made by the appellant which would amount to non-prosecution of the appeal. This view seems to be in accordance with the underlying principle, that it should not be left to the mere volition of the appellant to prevent the respondent from having his memorandum of objections heard. I am, therefore, of opinion that it was in the power of the appellant to have averted the dismissals of the appeal by supplying the deficit court-fee within the time fixed by the Court. Owing to his default, the appeal had to be dismissed. The respondent in a case like this, may very well invoke the benefit of Rule 22, Clause (4), Order 41, Civil P.C.
4. As I hold that the memorandum of objections should be heard by the lower appellate Court in spite of the rejection or dismissal of the appeal, it is unnecessary to consider the further question; whether this is a fit case in which the memorandum of objections should be converted into or treated as an appeal and delay excused under Section 5, Lim. Act.
5. There is a memorandum of objections., filed by the defendants in this appeal. By means of this memorandum of objections, it is not open to them to challenge; the correctness of the rejection of their appeal by the lower appellate Court. The main appeal before this Court is against the dismissal of the present appellant's memorandum of objections in the lower Court. The proper course for the defendants was to have appealed against the dismissal or rejection of their appeal. That matter cannot be raked up by means of the present memorandum of objections.
6. The only other question remaining is the order as to costs made by the lower appellate Court when it dismissed the memorandum of objections. That order seems to have been passed in the special circumstances of this case and I do not think fit to interfere with the exercise of the lower Court's discretion. The present memorandum of objections is dismissed, but without costs. The main appeal is allowed and the memorandum of objections filed by the present appellant is remanded to the lower appellate Court for re-hearing and disposal on the merits. As regards the costs of this appeal, the defendants-respondents will pay one-half of the appellant's costs and bear their own. The other costs will abide the result of the memorandum of objections to be heard by the lower appellate Court. The court-fee paid on the memorandum of appeal will be refunded to the appellant.